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Names of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria, 1864-1995

J. M. Young, Manaaki Whenua - Landcare Research New Zealand Ltd, Private Bag 92170, Auckland, New Zealand

G. S. Saddler, International Mycological Institute, Bakeham Lane, Egham, Surrey TW20 9TW, United Kingdom

Y. Takikawa, Plant Pathology Laboratory, Shizuoka University, 836 Ohya, Shizuoka 422, Japan

S. H. De Boer, Agriculture Canada Research Station, 6660 N.W. Marine Drive, Vancouver B.C., Canada 

L. Vauterin, Laboratorium voor Microbiologie en Microbiele Genetica, Rijksuniversiteit, Ledeganckstraat 35, B-9000 Gent, Belgium

L. Gardan, Station de Phytopathologie Végétale et Phytobactériologie, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, 49071 Angers, France

R. I. Gvozdyak, Institute of Microbiology and Virology, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, Zabolotny St. 154, 252143 Kiev, Ukraine

D. E. Stead, Central Science Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Hatching Green, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2BD, United Kingdom

 

This list contains the names of all plant pathogenic bacteria which have been effectively and validly published in terms of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (Lapage et al. 1992) and the Standards for Naming Pathovars (Dye et al. 1980) and their revision (Young et al. 1991a). Included are species names from the Approved Lists (Skerman et al. 1980), pathovar names listed by Dye et al. (1980), and names of pathogens reported since 1980. In recent years the taxonomy of plant pathogenic bacteria has been extensively revised. For several taxa, especially the Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas syringae van Hall 1902 and Xanthomonas campestris (Pammel 1895) Dowson 1939, these revisions are incomplete. For some taxa there are several valid synonyms. Unless otherwise stated, the most recent name is used as the reference name (in bold italic) to which all other synonyms are referred. This does not mean that the reference name here is always to be preferred. Alternative selections of valid names may be considered to give a more coherent nomenclature. Alternative valid names are listed in italic and cross-referenced to their reference names; synonyms under a reference name are preceded by '='. Names that are not considered valid are in italic, preceded by the symbol '['. Names published since 1980 that are not considered valid have been included for completeness, with an explanatory note. A few names that are not valid, published prior to 1980, have been included for continuity. Where names are published outside the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, the reference is to the validating publication followed by the reference in which the original description was published. Apparent discrepancies between the publication dates of some species and their pathovars arise because pathovars are referred to the original publication but the species are referred to the validating publication in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. Some pathotype strains were originally designated as pathotypes on the basis of earlier recommendation as a type strain (Sneath & Skerman 1966). Subsequently it has been reported that some of these may be unsuitable because they do not reflect the pathogenic or other characteristics of the pathovar (Young et al. 1991a). These have been marked with an asterix '*'. This list is accessible on the Internet (details to be supplied) and will be revised annually. Interim corrections will be reported in association with the list on the Internet. New names, corrections and queries should be addressed to the Convenor, Sub-committee on Taxonomy of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria, International Society for Plant Pathology.

 

Revision:15 February 1996

See also the list of New Names (30 March 2004).

 

Abbreviations of Culture Collections

ATCC = American Type Culture Collection, 12301 Parklawn Drive, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA
CBS = Centralbureau voor Schimmelcultures, Oosterstraat 1, 3740 AG Baarn, The Netherlands
CFBP = Collection Française de Bactèries Phytopathogènes, Station de Phytopathologie Végétale et Phytobactériologie, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, 49071 Angers, France
ICMP = International Collection of Micro-organisms from Plants, Landcare Research, Private Bag 92170, Auckland, New Zealand
LMG = Collection of the Laboratorium voor Microbiologie en Microbiele Genetica, Rijksuniversiteit, Ledeganckstraat 35, B-9000 Gent, Belgium
NCPPB = National Collection of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria, Central Science Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Sand Hutton, York, YO4 1LW, United Kingdom
NRRL = Agricultural Research Service Culture Collection, Peoria, Illinois, USA

Names:

An additional list of New Names (30 March 2004) is also available.