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Names of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria Published Since 1995

J.M. Young, C.T. Bull, S.H. De Boer, G. Firrao, L. Gardan, G.E. Saddler, D.E. Stead and Y. Takikawa

30 March 2004

 

Included in this list are all previously published plant pathogenic phytoplasma, as ‘Candidatus’.

Acidovorax anthurii Gardan, Dauga, Prior, Gillis & Saddler 2000
Gardan L., Dauga C., Prior P., Gillis M. and Saddler G. 2000. Acidovorax anthurii sp. nov., a new phytopathogenic bacterium which causes bacterial leaf-spot of Anthurium. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 50, 235-246.
CFBP 3232, ICMP 13404

Acidovorax valerianellae Gardan, Stead, Dauga, & Gillis 2003
Gardan, L., Stead, D.E., Dauga, C. & Gillis G. 2003 Acidovorax valerianellae sp. nov., a novel pathogen of lamb's lettuce [Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterr.] International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53, 795-800.
CFBP 4730; NCPPB 4238

Agrobacterium larrymoorei Bouzar & Jones 2001
Bouzar, H. & Jones, J.B. (2001). Agrobacterium larrymoorei sp. nov., a pathogen isolated from aerial tumours of Ficus benjamina. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 51, 1023-1026.
ATCC 51759; CFBP 5473; ICMP 14256; NCPPB 4096.

Bacillus pumilus Meyer & Gottheill 1901
Meyer, A.; Gottheill, O. 1901. In Gottheil, O. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygeine Abt. II 7, 680-691. (see Bacillus pumilus, the cause of bacterial blotch of immature balady peach in Egypt. Journal of Phytopathology 145, 447-1997.)
ATCC 7061

Brenneria Hauben et al. 1999
Hauben L, Moore ERB, Vauterin, L, Steenackers M. Mergaert J, Verdonck L, Swings J, 1999. Validation and publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 49, 1. Effective publication: Hauben L, Moore ERB, Vauterin, L, Steenackers M. Mergaert J, Verdonck L, Swings J, 1998. Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Systematic and Applied Microbiology 21, 384-397.
= Erwinia Winslow, Broadhurst, Buchanan, Krumweide, Rogers & Smith 1920

Brenneria alni (Surico, Mugnai, Pastorelli, Giovannetti & Stead 1996) Hauben et al. 1999
= Erwinia alni Surico, Mugnai, Pastorelli, Giovannetti & Stead 1996
ICMP 12481; NCPPB 3934

Brenneria nigrifluens (Wilson, Starr & Berger 1957) Hauben et al. 1999
= Erwinia nigrifluens Wilson, Starr & Berger 1957
ATCC 13028; ICMP 1578; LMG 2694; NCPPB 564

Brenneria paradisiaca (Fernandez-Borrero & Lopez-Duque 1970) Hauben et al. 1999
= Erwinia paradisiaca (Fernandez-Borrero & Lopez-Duque 1970) Dickey & Victoria 1980
CFBP 2811; ICMP 2349; LMG 2545; NCPPB 2511

Brenneria quercina (Hildebrand & Schroth 1967) Hauben et al. 1999
= Erwinia quercina Hildebrand & Schroth 1967
ATCC 29281; ICMP 1845; LMG 2724; NCPPB 1852

Brenneria rubrifaciens (Wilson, Zeitoun & Fredrickson 1967) Hauben et al. 1999
= Erwinia rubrifaciens Wilson, Zeitoun & Fredrickson 1967
ATCC 29291; CFBP 1283; ICMP 1915; LMG 2709; NCPPB 2020

Brenneria salicis (Day 1924) Hauben et al. 1999 (Hauben et al. 1998 mistakenly attribute the authority for the species epithet as Chester 1939)
= Erwinia salicis (Day 1924) Chester 1939
ATCC 15712; CFBP 802; ICMP 1587; LMG 2698; NCPPB 447

Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. ilicis (Mandel et al. 1961) Young et al. 2004
Young, J.M., Watson, D.R.W., Dye, D.W. 2003. Reconsideration of Arthrobacter ilicis Mandel et al. (1961) Collins et al., 1981 as a plant pathogenic species. Proposal to emend the authority and description of the species. Request for an Opinion. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 54, 303-305. 
= Corynebacterium ilicis Mandel et al. 1961
ICMP 2608

Dickeya Samson, Legendre, Christen, Achouak and Gardan (2004)
Samson, R., Legendre, J. B., Christen, R., Achouak, W. & Gardan L. 2004. Transfer of Pectobacterium chrysanthemi (Brenner et al. 1973) Hauben et al. 1998 and Brenneria paradisiaca to the genus Dickeya gen. nov. as D. chrysanthemi comb. nov. and D. paradisiaca comb. nov. and delineation of four novel species: D. dadantii sp. nov., D. dianthicola sp. nov., D. dieffenbachiae sp. nov. and D. zeae sp. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology DOI 10.1099/ijs.0.02791-0

Dickeya chrysanthemi Samson, Legendre, Christen, Achouak and Gardan (2004)
CFBP 2048; ICMP 5703; LMG 3804; NCPPB 402

Dickeya dadantii Samson, Legendre, Christen, Achouak and Gardan (2004)
CFBP 1269; ICMP 1544; NCPPB 898

Dickeya dianthicola Samson, Legendre, Christen, Achouak and Gardan (2004)
CFBP 1200; ICMP 6427; LMG 2845; NCPPB 453

Dickeya dieffenbachiae Samson, Legendre, Christen, Achouak and Gardan (2004)
CFBP 1568; ICMP 2051; NCPPB 2976

Dickeya paradisiaca Samson, Legendre, Christen, Achouak and Gardan (2004)
CFBP 3477; ICMP 2349; LMG 2545; NCPPB 2511

Dickeya zeae Samson, Legendre, Christen, Achouak and Gardan (2004)
CFBP 2052; ICMP 5704; LMG 2505; NCPPB 2538

Erwinia alni Surico, Mugnai, Pastorelli, Giovannetti & Stead 1996
Surico, G., Mugnai, L., Pastorelli, R., Giovannetti, L., Stead, D.E. 1996. Erwinia alni, a new species causing bark cankers of alder (Alnus) species. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 46, 720-726.
ICMP 12481

Erwinia papayae Gardan, Christen, Achouak & Prior 2004
Gardan, L., Christen, R., Achouak, W. & Prior, P. 2003. Erwinia papayae sp. nov., a pathogen of papaya (Carica papaya). International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 54, 107-113. 
CFBP 5189; NCPPB 4294

Erwinia pyrifoliae Kim, Gardan, Rhim & Geider 1999
Kim, W.-S., Gardan, L., Rhim, S.-L. & Geider, K. 1999. Erwinia pyrifoliae sp. nov., a novel pathogen that affects Asian pear trees (Pyrus pyrifolia Nakai). International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 49, 899-906.
ICMP 14143

Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans (Christopher & Edgerton 1930) Baldani, Pot, Kirchhof, Falsen, Baldani, Olivares, Hoste, Kersters, Hartmann, Gillis & Döbereiner 1996
Baldani, J.I.; Pot, B.; Kirchhof, G.; Falsen, E.; Baldani, V.L.D.; Olivares, F.L.; Hoste, B.; Kersters, K.; Hartmann, A.; Gillis, M.; Döbereiner, J. 1996. Emended description of Herbaspirillum; inclusion of [Pseudomonas] rubrisubalbicans, a mild plant pathogen, as Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans comb. nov.; and classification of a group of clinical isolates (EF Group 1) as Herbaspirillum species 3. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 46, 802-810.
ATCC 19308; CFBP 1202; ICMP 5777; LMG 2286

Leifsonia Evtushenko, Dorofeeva, Subbotin, Cole & Tiedje 2000
Evtushenko, L.I., Dorofeeva, L.V., Subbotin, S.A., Cole, J.R. and Tiedje, J.M. 2000. Leifsonia poae gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from nematode galls on Poa annua, and reclassification of 'Corynebacterium aquaticum' Leifson 1962 as Leifsonia aquatica (ex Leifson 1962) gen. nov., nom. rev., comb. nov. and Clavibacter xyli Davis et al. 1984 with two subspecies as Leifsonia xyli (Davis et al. 1984) gen. nov., comb. nov. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 50, 371-380.

Leifsonia xyli (Davis et al. 1984) Evtushenko, Dorofeeva, Subbotin, Cole & Tiedje 2000
= Clavibacter xyli Davis et al. 1984
ICMP 7127, LMG 7532

Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (Davis et al. 1984) Evtushenko, Dorofeeva, Subbotin, Cole & Tiedje 2000
= Clavibacter xyli subsp. xyli Davis et al. 1984
ICMP 7127, LMG 7532

Leifsonia xyli subsp. cynodontis (Davis et al. 1984) Evtushenko, Dorofeeva, Subbotin, Cole & Tiedje 2000
= Clavibacter xyli subsp. cynodontis Davis et al. 1984
ATCC 33973, ICMP 8790

Pectobacterium (Waldee 1945) emend. Hauben et al. 1999
Hauben L, Moore ERB, Vauterin, L, Steenackers M. Mergaert J, Verdonck L, Swings J, 1999. Validation and publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 49, 1. Effective publication: Hauben L, Moore ERB, Vauterin, L, Steenackers M. Mergaert J, Verdonck L, Swings J, 1998. Phylogenetic position of phytopathogens within the Enterobacteriaceae. Systematic and Applied Microbiology 21, 384-397.
= Erwinia Winslow, Broadhurst, Buchanan, Krumweide, Rogers & Smith 1920

Pectobacterium atrosepticum (van Hall 1902) Gardan, Gouy, Christen, & Samson. 2003
Gardan, L., Gouy, C., Christen, R., & Samson R. 2003. Elevation of three subspecies of Pectobacterium carotovorum to species level: Pectobacterium atrosepticum sp. nov., Pectobacterium betavasculorum sp. nov. and Pectobacterium wasabiae sp. nov.
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53, 381-391. 
= Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica (van Hall 1902) Dye 1969
= Erwinia carotovora pv. atroseptica (van Hall 1902) Dye 1978a
= Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. atrosepticum (van Hall 1902) Hauben et al. 1999
ATCC 33260; CFBP 1526; ICMP 1526; LMG 2386; NCPPB 549

Pectobacterium betavasculorum (Thomson, Hildebrand & Schroth 1984) Gardan, Gouy, Christen, & Samson. 2003
Gardan, L., Gouy, C., Christen, R., & Samson R. 2003. Elevation of three subspecies of Pectobacterium carotovorum to species level: Pectobacterium atrosepticum sp. nov., Pectobacterium betavasculorum sp. nov. and Pectobacterium wasabiae sp. nov. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53, 381-391. 
= Erwinia carotovorum subsp. betavasculorum Thomson, Hildebrand & Schroth 1984
ATCC 43762; CFBP 1539; ICMP 4226; LMG 2464; NCPPB 2795

Pectobacterium cacticida (Alcorn, Orum Steigerwalt, Foster, Fogleman & Brenner 1991) Hauben et al. 1999
= Erwinia cacticida Alcorn, Orum Steigerwalt, Foster, Fogleman & Brenner 1991
ATCC 49481; ICMP 11136; NCPPB 3849

Pectobacterium carotovorum (Jones 1901) Waldee 1945 emend. Hauben et al. 1999 (Hauben et al. 1998 mistakenly attribute the authority for the species epithet as Waldee (1945)
= Erwinia carotovora (Jones 1901) Bergey, Harrison, Breed, Hammer & Huntoon 1923
ATCC 15713; CFBP 2046; ICMP 5702; LMG 2404; NCPPB 312

Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. atrosepticum (van Hall 1902) Hauben et al. 1999 (Hauben et al. 1998 mistakenly attribute the authority for the species epithet as Waldee (1945)
= Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica (van Hall 1902) Dye 1969
= Erwinia carotovora pv. atroseptica (van Hall 1902) Dye 1978a
ATCC 33260; CFBP 1526; ICMP 1526; LMG 2386; NCPPB 549

Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. betavasculorum (Thomson, Hildebrand & Schroth 1984) Hauben et al. 1999
= Erwinia carotovorum subsp. betavasculorum Thomson, Hildebrand & Schroth 1984
ATCC 43762; CFBP 1539; ICMP 4226; LMG 2464; NCPPB 2795

Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (Jones 1901) Waldee 1945 emend. Hauben et al. 1999 (Hauben et al. 1998 mistakenly attribute the authority for the species epithet as Waldee 1945)
= Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora (Jones 1901) Bergey, Harrison, Breed, Hammer & Huntoon 1923
ATCC 15713; CFBP 2046; ICMP 5702; LMG 2404; NCPPB 312

Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. odoriferum (Gallois, Samson, Ageron & Grimont 1992) Hauben et al. 1999
= Erwinia carotovorum subsp. odoriferum Gallois, Samson, Ageron & Grimont 1992
CFBP 1878; ICMP 11533; NCPPB 3839

Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. wasabiae (Goto & Matsumoto 1987) Hauben et al. 1999
= Erwinia carotovorum subsp. wasabiae Goto & Matsumoto 1987
ATCC 43316; ICMP 9121; LMG 8444; NCPPB 3701

Pectobacterium chrysanthemi (Burkholder, McFadden & Dimock 1953) Brenner, Steigerwalt, Miklos & Fanning 1973 emend. Hauben et al. 1999 (Hauben et al. 1998 mistakenly attribute the authority for the species epithet as Brenner et al. (1973)
= Erwinia chrysanthemi Burkholder, McFadden & Dimock 1953
ATCC 11663; CFBP 2048; ICMP 5703; LMG 2804; NCPPB 402

Pectobacterium cypripedii (Hori 1911) Brenner, Steigerwalt, Miklos & Fanning 1973 emend. Hauben et al. 1999 (Hauben et al. 1998 mistakenly attribute the authority for the species epithet as Waldee 1945)
= Erwinia cypripedii (Hori 1911) Bergey, Harrison, Breed, Hammer & Huntoon 1923
ATCC 29267; ICMP 1591; LMG 2657; NCPPB 3004

Pectobacterium wasabiae (Goto & Matsumoto 1987) Gardan, Gouy, Christen, & Samson. 2003
Gardan, L., Gouy, C., Christen, R., & Samson R. 2003. Elevation of three subspecies of Pectobacterium carotovorum to species level: Pectobacterium atrosepticum sp. nov., Pectobacterium betavasculorum sp. nov. and Pectobacterium wasabiae sp. nov. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53, 381-391. 
= Erwinia carotovorum subsp. wasabiae Goto & Matsumoto 1987
= Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. wasabiae (Goto & Matsumoto 1987) Hauben et al. 1999
ATCC 43316; ICMP 9121; LMG 8444; NCPPB 3701

Pseudomonas avellanae Janse, Rossi, Angelucci, Scortichini, Derks, Akkermans, De Vrijer & Psallidas 1997
Janse, J.D.; Rossi, P.; Angelucci, L.; Scortichini, M.; Derks, J.H.J.; Akkermans, A.D.L.; De Vrijer, R.; Psallidas, P.G. 1997. Validation of the publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 47, 601-602. Effective publication: Janse, J.D.; Rossi, P.; Angelucci, L.; Scortichini, M.; Derks, J.H.J.; Akkermans, A.D.L.; De Vrijer, R.; Psallidas, P.G. 1996. Reclassification of Pseudomonas syringae pv. avellanae as Pseudomonas avellanae (spec. nov.), the bacterium causing canker of hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.). Systematic and Applied Microbiology 19, 589-595.
CFBP 10963; NCPPB 3487; ICMP 9746

Pseudomonas cannabina (ex Šutič & Dowson 1959) Gardan, Shafik, Belouin, Brosch, Grimont & Grimont 1999
Gardan, L., Shafik, H., Belouin, S., Brosch, R. Grimont, F., and Grimont, P.A.D. 1999. DNA relatedness among the pathovars of Pseudomonas syringae and descriptions of Pseudomonas tremae sp. nov. and Pseudomonas cannabina sp. nov. (ex Sutic and Dowson 1959). International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 99, 469-478.
CFBP 2341; ICMP 2823; LMG 5096

Pseudomonas costantinii Munsch, Alatossava, Marttinen, Meyer, Christen & Gardan 2002
Munsch, P., Alatossava, T., Marttinen, N., Meyer, J. M., Christen, R. & Gardan, L. 2002. Pseudomonas costantinii sp. nov., another causal agent of brown blotch disease, isolated from cultivated mushroom sporophores in Finland. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 52, 1973-1983. 
CFBP 5705; HAMBI 2444

Pseudomonas mediterranea Catara, Sutra, Morineau, Achouak, Christen, & Gardan 2002.
Catara, V., Sutra, L., Morineau, A., Achouak, W., Christen, R. & Gardan L. 2002. Phenotypic and genomic evidence for the revision of Pseudomonas corrugata and proposal of Pseudomonas mediterranea sp. nov. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 52, 1749-1758. 
CFBP 5447; ICMP 14184

Pseudomonas palleroniana Gardan, Bella, Meyer, Christen, Rott, Achouak, & Samson 2002.
L. Gardan, L., Bella, P., Meyer, J.M., Christen, R., Rott, P., Achouak, W. & Samson, R. 2002. Pseudomonas salomonii sp. nov., pathogenic on garlic, and Pseudomonas palleroniana sp. nov., isolated from rice. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 52, 2065-2074. 
CFBP 4389

Pseudomonas salomonii Gardan, Bella, Meyer, Christen, Rott, Achouak, & Samson 2002.
L. Gardan, L., Bella, P., Meyer, J.M., Christen, R., Rott, P., Achouak, W. & Samson, R. 2002. Pseudomonas salomonii sp. nov., pathogenic on garlic, and Pseudomonas palleroniana sp. nov., isolated from rice. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 52, 2065-2074. 
CFBP 2202

Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. retacarpa Garcia de los Rios 1999
Garcia de los Rios, J.E. 1999. Retama sphaerocarpa (L.) Boiss., a new host of Pseudomonas savastanoi. Phytopathologia Mediterranea 38, 54-60.
NCPPB 4050

Pseudomonas syringae pv. alisalensis Cintas, Koike & Bull 2002
Cintas, N. A., Koike, S. T., and Bull, C. T. 2002. A new pathovar, Pseudomonas syringae pv. alisalensis pv. nov., proposed for the causal agent of bacterial blight of broccoli and broccoli raab. Plant Disease 86, 992-998.
ATCC BAA-566

Pseudomonas syringae pv. broussonetiae Takahashi, Nishiyama & Sato 1996
Takahashi, K.; Nishiyama, K.; Sato, M. 1996. Pseudomonas syringae pv. broussonetiae pv. nov., the causal agent of bacterial blight of paper mulberry (Broussonetia kazinoki X B. papyrifera). Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan 62, 17-22.
ICMP 13650

Pseudomonas syringae pv. cerasicola Kamiunten, Nakao & Oshida 2000
Kamiunten, H., Nakao, T. and Oshida, S. 2000. Pseudomonas syringae pv. cerasicola pv. nov., the causal agent of bacterial gall of cherry tree. Journal of General Plant Pathology 66, 219-224.
ICMP 13926

Pseudomonas syringae pv. coriandricola Toben & Rudolph 1996
Toben, H.-M.; Rudolph, K. 1996. Pseudomonas syringae pv. Coriandricola, incitant of bacterial umbel blight and seed decay of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) in Germany. Journal of Phytopathology 144, 169-178.
ICMP 12471

Pseudomonas syringae pv. solidagae Sato, Watanabe & Sato 2001
Sato, M.; Watanabe, K.; Sato, Y. 2001. Pseudomonas syringae pv. solidagae pv. nov., the causal agent of bacterial leaf spot of tall goldenrod Solidago altissima L. Journal of General Plant Pathology 67, 303-308.
MAFF 810053

Pseudomonas syringae pv. spinaceae Ozaki, Kimura & Matsumoto 1998
Ozaki, K.; Kimura, T.; Matsumoto, K. 1998. Pseudomonas syringae pv. spinaceae pv. nov., the causal agent of bacterial leaf spot of spinach in Japan. Annals of the Phytopathological Society, Japan 64, 264-269.
MAFF 211266

Pseudomonas tremae Gardan, Shafik, Belouin, Brosch Grimont and Grimont 1999
Gardan, L., Shafik, H., Belouin, S., Brosch, R. Grimont, F., and Grimont, P.A.D. 1999. DNA relatedness among the pathovars of Pseudomonas syringae and descriptions of Pseudomonas tremae sp. nov. and Pseudomonas cannabina sp. nov. (ex Sutic and Dowson 1959). International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 99, 469-478.
ICMP 9151

Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith 1896) Yabuuchi, Kosako, Yano, Hotta & Nishiuchi 1996
Yabuuchi, E.; Kosako, Y.; Yano, I.; Hotta, H.; Nishiuchi, Y. 1996. Validation of the publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 46, 625-626. Effective publication: Yabuuchi, E.; Kosako, Y.; Yano, I.; Hotta, H.; Nishiuchi, Y. 1995. Transfer of two Burkholderia and an Alcaligenes species to Ralstonia gen. nov.: proposal of Ralstonia pickettii (Ralston, Palleroni and Doudoroff 1973) comb. nov., Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith 1896) comb. nov. and Ralstonia eutropha (Davis 1969) comb. nov. Microbiology and Immunology 39, 897-904.
ICMP 5712

Ralstonia syzygii Vaneechoutte, P. Kämpfer, T. De Baere, E. Falsen & G. Verschraegen 2003 Vaneechoutte, M., Kämpfer, P., De Baere, T., Falsen, E. & Verschraegen, G. (2003). Transfer of Ralstonia eutropha and related species to Wautersia gen. nov. as W. basilensis comb. nov., W. eutropha comb. nov., W. gilardii comb. nov., W. metallidurans comb. nov., W. oxalatica comb. nov., W. paucula comb. nov., W. respiraculi comb. nov. and W. taiwanensis comb. nov., emended description of Ralstonia insidiosa and proposal of Ralstonia [Pseudomonas] syzygii comb. nov. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53, DOI 10.1099/ijs.0.02754-0
ATCC 49453; LMG 10661; NCPPB 3446

Rhizobium larrymoorei (Bouzar & Jones 2001) Young 2004
= Agrobacterium larrymoorei Bouzar & Jones 2001
Young, J. M. 2003. Renaming of Agrobacterium larrymoorei Bouzar & Jones 2001 as Rhizobium larrymoorei (Bouzar & Jones 2001) comb. nov. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 54: 149
ATCC 51759; CFBP 5473; ICMP 14256; NCPPB 4096.

Rhizobium radiobacter (Smith & Townsend 1907, 672) Young, Kuykendall, Martinez-Romero, Kerr & Sawada 2001
= Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Smith & Townsend 1907, 672) Conn 1942)
Young, J.M., Kuykendall, L.D., Martínez-Romero, E., Kerr A. & Sawada, H. 2001. A revision of Rhizobium Frank 1889, with an emended description of the genus, and the inclusion of all species of Agrobacterium Conn 1942 and Allorhizobium undicola de Lajudie et al. 1998 as new combinations: Rhizobium radiobacter, R. rhizogenes, R. rubi, R. undicola and R. vitis. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 51, 89–103.
ATCC 23308, DSM 30205, ICMP 5856, LMG 187, NCPPB 2437.

Rhizobium rhizogenes (Riker, Banfield, Wright, Keitt & Sagen 1930) Young, Kuykendall, Martinez-Romero, Kerr & Sawada. 2001
= Agrobacterium rhizogenes (Riker, Banfield, Wright, Keitt & Sagen 1930) Conn 1942)
Young, J.M., Kuykendall, L.D., Martínez-Romero, E., Kerr A. & Sawada, H. 2001. A revision of Rhizobium Frank 1889, with an emended description of the genus, and the inclusion of all species of Agrobacterium Conn 1942 and Allorhizobium undicola de Lajudie et al. 1998 as new combinations: Rhizobium radiobacter, R. rhizogenes, R. rubi, R. undicola and R. vitis. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 51, 89–103.
ATCC 11325, DSM 30148, ICMP 5794, IFO 13257, LMG 150, NCPPB 2991.

Rhizobium rubi (Hildebrand 1940) Young, Kuykendall, Martinez-Romero, Kerr & Sawada. 2001
= Agrobacterium rubi (Hildebrand 1940) Starr & Weiss 1943)
Young, J.M., Kuykendall, L.D., Martínez-Romero, E., Kerr A. & Sawada, H. 2001. A revision of Rhizobium Frank 1889, with an emended description of the genus, and the inclusion of all species of Agrobacterium Conn 1942 and Allorhizobium undicola de Lajudie et al. 1998 as new combinations: Rhizobium radiobacter, R. rhizogenes, R. rubi, R. undicola and R. vitis. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 51, 89–103.
ATCC 13335; CFBP 1317; ICMP 6428; IFO 13261; LMG 156; NCPPB 1854.

Rhizobium vitis (Ophel & Kerr 1990) Young, Kuykendall, Martinez-Romero, Kerr and H. Sawada. 2001
= Agrobacterium vitis (Ophel & Kerr 1990)
Young, J.M., Kuykendall, L.D., Martínez-Romero, E., Kerr A. & Sawada, H. 2001. A revision of Rhizobium Frank 1889, with an emended description of the genus, and the inclusion of all species of Agrobacterium Conn 1942 and Allorhizobium undicola de Lajudie et al. 1998 as new combinations: Rhizobium radiobacter, R. rhizogenes, R. rubi, R. undicola and R. vitis. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 51: 89–103.
ATCC 49767 ICMP 10752; LMG 10752; NCPPB 3554

Samsonia erythrinae Sutra, Christen, Bollet, Simoneau P & Gardan 2001
Sutra L, Christen R, Bollet C, Simoneau P and Gardan L (2001) Samsonia erythrinae gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from bark necrotic lesions of Erythrina sp., and discrimination of plant-pathogenic Enterobacteriaceae by phenotypic features. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 51: 1291-1304.
CFBP 5236; ICMP 13937

Streptomyces caviscabies Goyer, Faucher & Beaulieu 1996
Goyer, C.; Faucher, E.; Beaulieu, C. 1996. Streptomyces caviscabies sp. nov., from deep pitted lesions in potatoes in Québec, Canada. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 46, 635-639.
ATCC 51928

Streptomyces europaeiscabiei Bouchek-Mechiche, Gardan, Normand & Jouan 2000
Bouchek-Mechiche K., Gardan L., Normand P. & Jouan B. 2000 DNA relatedness among strains of Streptomyces pathogenic to potato in France: description of three species Streptomyces europaeiscabiei sp. nov. and Streptomyces steliiscabiei sp. nov. associated with common scab, and Streptomyces reticuliscabei sp. nov. associated with netted scab. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 50, 91-99.
CFBP 4497; ICMP 13714; NCPPB 4039

Streptomyces reticuliscabei Bouchek-Mechiche, Gardan, Normand & Jouan 2000
Bouchek-Mechiche K., Gardan L., Normand P. & Jouan B. 2000 . DNA relatedness among strains of Streptomyces pathogenic to potato in France: description of three species Streptomyces europaeiscabiei sp. nov. and Streptomyces steliiscabiei sp. nov. associated with common scab, and Streptomyces reticuliscabei sp. nov. associated with netted scab. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 50, 91-99.
CFBP 4531; ICMP 13715;NCPPB 4041

Streptomyces steliiscabiei Bouchek-Mechiche, Gardan, Normand & Jouan 2000
Bouchek-Mechiche K., Gardan L., Normand P. & Jouan B. 2000. DNA relatedness among strains of Streptomyces pathogenic to potato in France: description of three species Streptomyces europaeiscabiei sp. nov. and Streptomyces steliiscabiei sp. nov. associated with common scab, and Streptomyces reticuliscabei sp. nov. associated with netted scab. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 50, 91-99.
CFBP 4521; ICMP 13716; NCPPB 4040

Streptomyces turgidiscabies Miyajima, Tanaka, Takeuchi & Kuninaga 1998
Miyajima, K.; Tanaka, F.; Takeuchi, T.; Kuninaga, S. 1998. Streptomyces turgidiscabies sp. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 48, 495-502.
ATCC 700248

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. allii Roumagnac, Gagnevin, Gardan, Sutra, Manceau, Dickstein, Jones, Rott & Pruvost 2003.
subj. syn: Xanthomonas campestris pv. allii Kadota, Uehara, Shinohara & Nishiyama 2000
Roumagnac, L. Gagnevin, L. Gardan, L. Sutra, C. Manceau, E. R. Dickstein, J. B. Jones, P. Rott & O. Pruvost. (2003). Polyphasic characterization of xanthomonads isolated from onion, garlic and Welsh onion (Allium spp.) and their relatedness to different Xanthomonas species. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53, DOI 10.1099/ijs.0.02714-0
CFBP 6369

Xanthomonas campestris pv. allii Kadota, Uehara, Shinohara & Nishiyama 2000
Kadota, I., Uehara, K., Shinohara, H. and Nishiyama, K. (2000) Bacterial blight of welsh onion: a new disease caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. allii pv. nov. Journal of General Plant Pathology 66, 310-315.
MAFF 311173; CFBP 6107

Xanthomonas cynarae Trebaol, Gardan, Manceau, Tanguy, Tirilly, & Boury 2000.
Trebaol, G. Gardan, L., Manceau, C., Tanguy, J.L. Tirilly, Y. & Boury, S. 2000. Genomic and phenotypic characterization of Xanthomonas cynarae sp. nov., a new species that causes bacterial bract spot of artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.). International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 50, 1471-1478. 

‘Candidatus’ Plant Pathogenic Bacteria

Candidatus Liberibacter

Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ Jagoueix, Bové, & Garnier 1994.
Jagoueix, S., Bové, J.M., Garnier, M. 1994. The phloem-limited bacterium of greening disease of citrus is a member of the subdivision of the proteobacteria. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 44, 379-386.

Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus subsp. capensis’ Garnier, Jagoueix-Eveillard, Cronje, Le Roux & Bové 2000.
Garnier, M., Jagoueix-Eveillard, S., Cronje R., Le Roux H.F. & Bové, J.M. 2000. Genomic characterization of a liberibacter present in an ornamental rutaceous tree, Calodendrum capense, in the Western Cape province of South Africa. Proposal of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter africanus subsp. capensis’. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 50, 2119–2125.

Candidatus Liberibacter africanus’ Jagoueix, Bové, & Garnier 1994.
Jagoueix, S., Bové, J.M., Garnier, M. 1994. The phloem-limited bacterium of greening disease of citrus is a member of the subdivision of the proteobacteria. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 44, 379-386.

Candidatus Phytoplasma

Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia’ Zreik, Carle, Bové & Garnier 1995.
Zreik, L., Carle, P., Bové, J.M. & Garnier, M. 1995. Characterization of the mycoplasmalike organism associated with witches'-broom disease of lime and proposition of a Candidatus taxon for the organism, ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia’. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 45, 449-453.

Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense’ Davis, Dally, Gundersen, Lee & Habili 1997.
Davis, R.E., Dally, E.L., Gundersen, D.E., Lee, I. -M & Habili, N. 1997. 'Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense', a new phytoplasma taxon associated with Australian grapevine yellows. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 47, 262-69.

Candidatus Phytoplasma australasia’ White, Blackall, Scott & Walsh 1998.
White, D.T., Blackall, L.L., Scott, P.T. & Walsh, K.B. 1998. Phylogenetic positions of phytoplasmas associated with dieback, yellow crinkle and mosaic diseases of papaya, and their proposed inclusion in 'Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense' and a new taxon, 'Candidatus Phytoplasma australasia'. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 48, 941-951.

Candidatus Phytoplasma brasiliense’ Montano, Davis, Dally, Hogenhout, Pimentel & Brioso 2001
Montano, H.G., Davis, R.E., Dally, E.L., Hogenhout, S., Pimentel J. & Brioso, P.S.T. 2001. ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma brasiliense’, a new phytoplasma taxon associated with hibiscus witches’ broom disease. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 51, 1109–1118.

Candidatus Phytoplasma castaneae’ Jung, Sawayanagi, Kakizawa, Nishigawa, Miyata, Oshima, Ugaki, Joon-Tak & Namba 2002
Jung, H. -Y., Sawayanagi, T., Kakizawa, T., Nishigawa, H., Miyata, S., Oshima, K., Ugaki, M., Joon-Tak, L. & Namba, S. 2002. 'Candidatus Phytoplasma castaneae', a novel phytoplasma taxon associated with chestnut witches' broom disease. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 52, 1543–1549.

Candidatus Phytoplasma fraxini’ Griffiths, Sinclair, Smart & Davis 1999.
Griffiths, H.M., Sinclair, W.A., Smart, C.D. & Davis, R.E. 1999. The phytoplasma associated with ash yellows and lilac witches'-broom: 'Candidatus Phytoplasma fraxini'. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 49, 1605-1614.

Candidatus Phytoplasma japonicum’ Sawayanagi, Horikoshi, Kanehira, Shinohara, Bertaccini, Cousin, Hiruki & Namba 1999.
Sawayanagi, T., Horikoshi, N., Kanehira, T., Shinohara, M., Bertaccini, A., Cousin, M.-T., Hiruki, C. & Namba, S. 1999. 'Candidatus Phytoplasma japonicum', a new phytoplasma taxon associated with Japanese hydrangea phyllody. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 49, 1275-1285.

Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium’ Verdin, Salar, Danet, Choueiri, Jreijiri, El Zammar, Gélie, Bové & Garnier 2003.
Verdin, E., Salar, P., Danet, J.-L. , Choueiri, E., Jreijiri, F., El Zammar, S., Gélie, B., Bové, J. & Garnier, M. 2003. ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium’, a new phytoplasma associated with an emerging lethal disease of almond trees in Lebanon and Iran. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53, 833-838

Candidatus Phytoplasma ziziphi’ Jung, Sawayanagi, Kakizawa, Nishigawa, Wei, Oshima, Miyata, Ugaki, Hibi & Namba 2003
Jung, H. -Y., Sawayanagi, T., Kakizawa, T., Nishigawa, H., Wei, W., Oshima, K., Miyata, S., Ugaki, M., Hibi, L. & Namba, S. 2003. 'Candidatus Phytoplasma ziziphi', a novel phytoplasma taxon associated with jujube witches' broom disease. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53, 1037-1041.

Candidatus Phlomobacter 

Candidatus Phlomobacter fragariae’ Zreik, Bové, & Garnier 1998.
Zreik, L., Bové, J.M., & Garnier, M., 1998. Phylogenetic characterization of the bacterium-like organism associated with marginal chlorosis of strawberry and proposition of a Candidatus taxon for the organism ‘Candidatus Phlomobacter fragariae’. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 48, 257-261.

The following names have been corrected to accord with correct Latin usage (Truper & De Clari 1997; Euzéby 1998). Since these corrections were made the Code of Nomenclature has been amended to take account of the need for stability of names. Now, names that have been gazetted in the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology are the definitive names of the organism regardless of orthographic errors in their Latin or Greek declension except to correct the gender of species epithets when they are proposed as new combinations (De Vos & Trüper (2000). IJSEM will aim to publish correctly declined names.

Erwinia persicina Hao, Brenner, Steigerwalt, Kosako & Komagata 1990
= [Erwinia nulandii Schuster, Schuster & Nuland 1981; not valid - Brenner et al. (1994) refers
ATCC 35998; ICMP 12532; LMG 11254; NCPPB 3774

Pantoea ananatis (Serrano 1928) Mergaert, Verdonck & Kersters 1993
ATCC 33244; ICMP 1850; LMG 2665; NCPPB 1846

Pantoea ananatis pv. ananatis (Serrano 1928) Mergaert, Verdonck & Kersters 1993
= Erwinia ananatis Serrano 1928
= Erwinia ananatis pv. ananatis Serrano 1928
ATCC 33244; ICMP 1850; LMG 2665; NCPPB 1846

Pantoea ananatis pv. uredovora (Pon, Townsend, Wessmann, Schmitt & Kingsolver 1954) Young, Saddler, Takikawa, De Boer, Vauterin, Gardan, Gvozdyak & Stead 1996
= Erwinia uredovora (Pon, Townsend, Wessman, Schmitt & Kingsolver 1954) Dye 1963a
= Erwinia ananatis pv. uredovora (Pon, Townsend, Wessmann, Schmitt & Kingsolver 1954) Dye 1978a
ATCC 19321; ICMP 351; LMG 2676; NCPPB 800

Pseudomonas beteli (Ragunathan 1928) Savulescu 1947
ATCC 19861; ICMP 2820; LMG 978; NCPPB 323
The type strain has been reported as a possible member of Xanthomonas (De Vos et al. 1985). Singer et al. (1994) suggest that the strain is a member of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (Hugh 1981) Palleroni & Bradbury 1993.
Streptomyces scabiei (ex Thaxter 1892) Lambert & Loria 1989a
ATCC 49173; ICMP 12542

The following corrections are made to citations:

1. Author names of Burkholderia cepacia:

Burkholderia cepacia (Palleroni and Holmes 1981 ex Burkholder 1950) Yabuuchi, Kosako, Oyaizu, Yano, Hotta, Hashimoto, Ezaki & Arakawa 1993

2.Authors name of Burkholderia:

"Fernanadez" should be "Fernandez" in:
Gillis, M.; Van Van, T.; Bardin, R.; Goor, M.; Hebbar, P.; Willems, A.; Segers, P.; Kersters, K.; Heulin, T.; Fernandez, M.P. (1995) Polyphasic taxonomy in the genus Burkholderia leading to an emended description of the genus and proposition of Burkholderia vietnamiensis sp. nov. for N2-fixing isolates from rice in Vietnam. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 45, 274-289.

3. Pathovar name cited as Pseudomonas syringae pv. raphiolepidis Ogimi, Kawano, Higuchi & Takikawa 1992 raphiolepidis should be rhaphiolepidis

The names should also be corrected in the following reference:

Ogimi, C.; Kawano, C.; Higuchi, H.; Takikawa, Y. (1992) Bacterial gall disease of sharinbai (Raphiolepis [sic Rhaphiolepis] umbellata Makino) caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. raphiolepidis [sic rhaphiolepidis] pv. nov. Journal of the Japanese Forestry Society 74, 308-313.

 

For original Names of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria 1864-1995 (December 

1996) see: