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Names of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria, 1864-1995

Enterobacter - Nocardia

Enterobacter Hormaeche & Edwards 1960

Enterobacter agglomerans (Beijerinck 1888) Ewing & Fife 1972

see Erwinia herbicola / Pantoea agglomerans

Enterobacter cancerogenus (Urošević 1966) Dickey & Zumoff 1988

= Erwinia cancerogena Urošević 1966

= [Erwinia carnegieana Lightle, Standring & Brown 1942]

= [Pectobacterium carnegieana (Lightle, Standring & Brown 1942) Brenner, Steigerwalt, Miklos & Fanning 1973]

ATCC 33241; ICMP 5706; LMG 2693; NCPPB 2176

Enterobacter dissolvens (Rosen 1922) Brenner, McWhorter, Kai, Steigerwalt & Farmer 1988

= Erwinia dissolvens (Rosen 1922) Burkholder 1948c

Pathogenicity of strains associated with this species is doubtful (Bradbury 1986).

ATCC 23373; ICMP 1570; LMG 2683; NCPPB 1850

Enterobacter nimipressuralis (Carter 1945) Brenner, McWhorter, Kai, Steigerwalt & Farmer 1988

= Erwinia nimipressuralis Carter 1945

Pathogenicity of strains associated with this species is doubtful (Bradbury 1986).

ATCC 9912; ICMP 1577; LMG 10245; NCPPB 2045

Enterobacter pyrinus Chung, Brenner, Steigerwalt, Kim, Kim & Cho 1993

= [Erwinia pirina Chung, Kim, Kim & Cho 1990]

ATCC 49851; ICMP 12530

Erwinia Winslow, Broadhurst, Buchanan, Krumwiede, Rogers & Smith 1920

            The homogeneity of genera in the Enterobacteriaceae that contain pathogens of plants and animals and from other environments has been discussed (Brenner et al. 1984). Recent divisions of Erwinia into several genera, Brenneria, Pectobacterium and Samsonia, are based solely on comparative analysis of 16S rDNA sequence data that show these as separate clades within the Enterobacteriaceae. There are no circumscriptions that differentiate these genera in phenotypic terms.

Erwinia alni (Surico, Mugnai, Pastorelli, Giovannetti & Stead 1996) Hauben, Moore, Vauterin, Steenackers, Mergaert, Verdonck & Swings 1999

            see Brenneria alni

Erwinia amylovora (Burrill 1882) Winslow, Broadhurst, Buchanan, Krumwiede, Rogers & Smith 1920

ATCC 15580; CFBP 1232; ICMP 1540; LMG 2024; NCPPB 683

[Erwinia amylovora pv. pyri Tanii 1983] not valid – Young et al. (1991a) refers

Erwinia ananatis (originally ananas) Serrano 1928

see Pantoea ananatis pv. ananatis

Erwinia ananatis pv. ananatis Serrano 1928

see Pantoea ananatis pv. ananatis

Erwinia ananas ananas pv. uredovora (Pon, Townsend, Wessmann, Schmitt & Kingsolver 1954) Dye 1978a

see Pantoea ananatis pv. uredovora

Erwinia cacticida Alcorn, Orum Steigerwalt, Foster, Fogleman & Brenner 1991

ATCC 49481; ICMP 11136; NCPPB 3849

Erwinia cancerogena Urošević 1966

see Enterobacter cancerogenus

[Erwinia carnegieana Lightle, Standring & Brown 1942]

= [Pectobacterium carnegieana (Lightle, Standring & Brown 1942) Brenner, Steigerwalt, Miklos & Fanning 1973]

Because there are anomalies between the description of the species and the characteristics of the type strain of E. carnegieana, which belongs in Klebsiella pneumoniae, a recommendation has been made to reject this name (Alcorn & Orum 1988).

see Enterobacter cancerogenus

Erwinia carotovora (Jones 1901) Bergey, Harrison, Breed, Hammer & Huntoon 1923

see Pectobacterium carotovorum

Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora (Jones 1901) Bergey, Harrison, Breed, Hammer & Huntoon 1923

see Pectobacterium carotovorum

Erwinia carotovora pv. atroseptica (van Hall 1902) Dye 1978a

see Pectobacterium atrosepticum

Erwinia carotovora pv. carotovora (Jones 1901) Bergey, Harrison, Breed, Hammer & Huntoon 1923

see Pectobacterium carotovorum

Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica (van Hall 1902) Dye 1969

            see Pectobacterium atrosepticum

Erwinia carotovora subsp. betavasculorum Thomson, Hildebrand & Schroth 1984

see Pectobacterium betavasculorum

Erwinia carotovora subsp. odorifera Gallois, Samson, Ageron & Grimont 1992

see Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. odoriferum

Erwinia carotovora subsp. wasabiae Goto & Matsumoto 1987

see Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. wasabiae

Erwinia chrysanthemi Burkholder, McFadden & Dimock 1953

            see Pectobacterium chrysanthemi

Erwinia chrysanthemi pv. chrysanthemi Burkholder, McFadden & Dimock 1953

 = [Erwinia chrysanthemi pv. dianthi Alivizatos 1979] not valid – Young et al. (1991a) refers

see Pectobacterium chrysanthemi pv. chrysanthemi

Erwinia chrysanthemi pv. dianthicola (Hellmers 1958) Dickey 1979

= [Erwinia chrysanthemi pv. dianthi Alivizatos 1979] not valid – Young et al. (1991a) refers

see Pectobacterium chrysanthemi pv. dianthicola

Erwinia chrysanthemi pv. dieffenbachiae (McFadden 1961) Dye 1978a

            see Pectobacterium chrysanthemi pv. dieffenbachiae

Erwinia chrysanthemi pv. paradisiaca (Victoria & Barros 1969) Dickey & Victoria 1980

            see Brenneria paradisiaca

Erwinia chrysanthemi pv. parthenii (Starr 1947) Dye 1978a

see Pectoacterium chrysanthemi pv. parthenii

Erwinia chrysanthemi pv. zeae (Sabet 1954) Victoria, Arboleda & Muńoz 1975

            see Pectobacterium chrysanthemi pv. zeae

Erwinia cypripedii (Hori 1911) Bergey, Harrison, Breed, Hammer & Huntoon 1923

see Pectobacterium cypripedii

Erwinia dissolvens (Rosen 1922) Burkholder 1948c

see Enterobacter dissolvens

Erwinia herbicola (Löhnis 1911) Dye 1964

= Corynebacterium beticola Abdou 1969

= Enterobacter agglomerans (Beijerinck 1888) Ewing & Fife 1972

= Erwinia millettiae (Kawakami & Yoshida 1920) Magrou 1937

= Pantoea agglomerans (Beijerinck 1888) Gavini et al. 1989

ATCC 33243; ICMP 272; LMG 2565; NCPPB 2971

see Pantoea agglomerans

Erwinia herbicola f.sp. gypsophilae (Brown 1934) Miller, Quinn & Graham 1981

see Erwinia herbicola pv. gypsophilae

Erwinia herbicola pv. gypsophilae (Brown 1934) Miller, Quinn & Graham 1981

= Erwinia herbicola f.sp. gypsophilae (Brown 1934) Miller, Quinn & Graham 1981

ICMP 12531; NCPPB 3091

see Pantoea agglomerans pv. gypsophilae

Erwinia herbicola pv. millettiae (Kawakami & Yoshida 1920) Goto, Takahashi & Okajima 1980

= Enterobacter agglomerans pv. millettiae (Kawakami & Yoshida 1920) Young, Saddler, Takikawa, De Boer, Vauterin, Gardan, Gvozdyak & Stead 1996 – Gavini et al. (1989) refers

= Erwinia herbicola pv. millettiae (Kawakami & Yoshida 1920) Goto, Takahashi & Okajima 1980

= Erwinia millettiae (Kawakami & Yoshida 1920) Magrou 1937

ATCC 33261; ICMP 6772; LMG 2660; NCPPB 2519

see Pantoea agglomerans pv. millettiae 

Erwinia mallotivora Goto 1976

ATCC 29573; CFBP 2503; ICMP 5705; LMG 2708; NCPPB 2851

Erwinia millettiae (Kawakami & Yoshida 1920) Magrou 1937

see Pantoea agglomerans pv. millettiae

Erwinia nigrifluens Wilson, Starr & Berger 1957

            see Brenneria nigrifluens

Erwinia nimipressuralis Carter 1945

see Enterobacter nimipressuralis

[Erwinia nulandii Schuster, Schuster & Nuland 1981] not valid – Brenner et al. (1994) refers

see Erwinia persicina

Erwinia papayae Gardan, Christen, Achouak & Prior 2004

            CFBP 5189; NCPPB 4294

Erwinia proteamaculans (Paine & Stansfield 1919) Dye 1966

see Serratia proteamaculans

Erwinia persicinus Hao, Brenner, Steigerwalt, Kosako & Komagata 1990

= [Erwinia nulandii Schuster, Schuster & Nuland 1981] not valid – Brenner et al. (1994) refers

ATCC 35998; ICMP 12532; LMG 11254; NCPPB 3774

[Erwinia pirina Chung, Kim, Kim & Cho 1990]

Not validated in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. This name has now been superseded by Enterobacter pyrinus.

see Enterobacter pyrinus

Erwinia psidii Rodrigues Neto, Robbs & Yamashiro 1988

ATCC 49406; ICMP 8426; NCPPB 3555

Erwinia quercina Hildebrand & Schroth 1967

            see Brenneria quercina

Erwinia pyrifoliae Kim, Gardan, Rhim & Geider 1999

            ICMP 14143

Erwinia rhapontici (Millard 1924) Burkholder 1948c

= Pectobacterium rhapontici (Millard 1924) Patel & Kulkarni 1951b

ATCC 29283; ICMP 1582; LMG 2688; NCPPB 1578

Erwinia rubrifaciens Wilson, Zeitoun & Fredrickson 1967

            see Brenneria rubrifaciens

Erwinia salicis (Day 1924) Chester 1939

            see Brenneria salicis

Erwinia stewartii (Smith 1898) Dye 1963c

see Pantoea stewartii

Erwinia tracheiphila (Smith 1895) Bergey, Harrison, Breed, Hammer & Huntoon 1923

ATCC 33245; CFBP 2355; ICMP 5845; LMG 2707; NCPPB 2452

Erwinia uredovora (Pon, Townsend, Wessman, Schmitt & Kingsolver 1954) Dye 1963a

see Pantoea ananatis pv. uredovora

Gluconobacter Asai 1935

Gluconobacter oxydans (Henneberg 1897) De Ley 1961

ATCC 19357; ICMP 12533; LMG 1408

Herbaspirillum Baldani, Baldani, Seldin & Döbereiner 1986

Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans (Christopher & Edgerton 1930) Baldani, Pot, Kirchhof, Falsen, Baldani, Olivares, Hoste, Kersters, Hartmann, Gillis & Döbereiner 1996

            = Pseudomonas rubrisubalbicans (Christopher & Edgerton 1930) Krasil'nikov 1949

            ATCC 19308; CFBP 1202; ICMP 5777; LMG 2286

Janthinobacterium De Ley  Segers & Gillis 1978

Janthinobacterium agaricidamnosum Lincoln, Fermor & Tindall 1999

DSM 9628; NCPPB 3945

Leifsonia Evtushenko, Dorofeeva, Subbotin, Cole & Tiedje 2000

Leifsonia cynodontis (Davis, Gillaspie, Vidaver & Harris 1984) Suzuki, Suzuki, Sasaki, Park & Komagata 2000

            Suzuki et al. (2000) proposed that L. cynodontis supplant L. xyli, a name they considered to be not valid because they could not obtain a culture of the type strain. However, the type strain of L. xyli is available, and other strains were available as possible neotypes of the species. L. cynodontis is probably a heterotypic synonym of L. xyli.

Leifsonia xyli (Davis, Gillaspie, Vidaver & Harris 1984) Evtushenko, Dorofeeva, Subbotin, Cole & Tiedje 2000

            = Clavibacter xyli Davis, Gillaspie, Vidaver & Harris 1984

            ICMP 7127

Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (Davis, Gillaspie, Vidaver & Harris 1984) Evtushenko, Dorofeeva, Subbotin, Cole & Tiedje 2000

            = Clavibacter xyli subsp. xyli Davis, Gillaspie, Vidaver & Harris 1984

            ICMP 7127

Leifsonia xyli subsp. cynodontis (Davis, Gillaspie, Vidaver & Harris 1984) Evtushenko, Dorofeeva, Subbotin, Cole & Tiedje 2000

            = Clavibacter xyli subsp. cynodontis Davis, Gillaspie, Vidaver & Harris 1984

            ATCC 33973, ICMP 8790

Nocardia Trevisan 1889

Nocardia vaccinii Demaree & Smith 1952

ATCC 11092; ICMP 17582; NCPPB 954

ICMP 5814, previously recorded as a representative of the type strain, is a Staphylococcus sp.