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Committee on Common Names of Plant Diseases

 Sugarcane Diseases

Philippe Rott, Jack C. Comstock, Barry J. Croft, Robert Magarey, A. Salem Saumtally and Grant Smith

Common Names of sugarcane diseases and their causal agents

Apex rot

unknown

Bacterial mottle Pectobacterium chrysanthemi
Banded sclerotial disease Thanatephorus sasakii, T. cucumeris
Basal stem, root and sheath rot (see also Marasmius basal stem, root and sheath rot) Unidentified basidiomycete
Black leaf spot (see Tar spot)
Black rot Ceratocystis adiposa
Black stripe Pseudocercospora atrofiliformis

Brown rust

Puccinia melanocephala

Brown spot Cercospora longipes
Chlorotic streak unknown
Collar rot Hendersonia sacchari
Common rust (see Brown rust)
Covered smut Sphacelotheca macrospora
Culmicolous smut (see Smut)
Downy mildew Peronosclerospora sacchari, P. philippinensis, P. spontanea

Dry rot

Physalospora rhodina

Dry top rot Ligniera vasculorum
Dwarf unknown
Ergot Claviceps purpurea, C. pusilla
Eye spot Bipolaris sacchari
False floral smut Claviceps sp.
False red stripe Xanthomonas sp.
Fiji disease (see Fiji leaf gall)
Fiji leaf gall Fiji disease virus (FDV)
Floral smut(s) Sporisorium cruentum, Sphacelotheca erianthi, Sporisorium schweinfurthianum
Fusarium sett or stem rot Gibberella fujikuroi (anamorph Fusarium moniliforme)
Grassy shoot a phytoplasma
Green grassy shoot a phytoplasma
Gumming Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vasculorum
lliau (see Leaf sheath binding)
Inflorescence binding Ephelis pallida
Knife-cut (see Pokkah boeng)
Leaf binding Myriogenospora atramentosa
Leaf blast Didymosphaeria taiwanensis
Leaf blight Leptosphaeria taiwanensis
Leaf fleck Sugarcane bacilliform virus (SCBV)
Leaf gall unknown
Leaf scald Xanthomonas albilineans
Leaf scorch Stagonospora sacchari, Leptosphaeria bicolor
Leaf sheath binding Clypeoporthe iliau
Leaf sooty mould (see Sooty mould)
Leaf splitting Peronosclerospora miscanthi, P. northii, Peronosclerospora sp., Mycosphaerella striatiformans
Leaf yellows Sugarcane leaf yellows phytoplasma
Marasmius basal stem, root and sheath rot Marasmius sacchari, M. stenospilus
Mild mosaic Sugarcane mild mosaic virus (SCMMV)
Mosaic Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV), Sorghum mosaic virus (SrMV)
Mottled stripe Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans
Myriogenospora leaf binding (see Leaf binding)
Orange rust Puccinia kuehnii
Pachymetra root rot Pachymetra chaunorhiza
Phyllosticta leaf spot Phyllosticta hawaiiensis, Phyllosticta sp.
Phytophthora sett rot Phytophthora spp., P. megasperma
Pineapple sett rot Ceratocystis paradoxa
Pokkah boeng (including knife-cut symptoms) Gibberella fujikuroi (anamorph Fusarium moniliforme), G. subglutinans (anamorph Fusarium subglutinans)

Pseudo-Fiji (see Leaf gall)

Purple spot (see Red leaf spot)
Pythium root rot Pythium arrhenomanes, Pythium myriotylum, Pythium spp.
Ramu streak unknown
Ramu stunt a virus (tentative)
Ratoon stunt or ratoon stunting disease (RSD) Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli
Red leaf mottle Peanut clump virus (PCV)
Red leaf spot Dimeriella sacchari
Red rot Glomerella tucumanensis (anamorph Colletotrichum falcatum)
Red rot of the leaf sheath (see Sclerotium rot)
Red spot of the leaf sheath Mycovellosiella vaginae
Red streak Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae
Red stripe Acidovorax avenae subsp. avenae
Rind disease and sour rot Phaeocytostroma sacchari
Ring spot Leptosphaeria sacchari
Root and basal stem rot Xylaria cf. warburgii, X. arbuscula
Root rots (see Pachymetra root rot, Pythium root rot, Marasmius basal stem, root and sheath rot)
Rust (see Brown rust, Orange rust) Puccinia melanocephala, P. kuehnii
Sclerophthora stunt Sclerophthora macrospora
Sclerotium sheath rot Corticium rolfsii (anamorph Sclerotium rolfsii)
Seedling foliage blights Alternaria alternata, Cochliobolus hawaiiensis, Cochliobolus lunatus, Curvularia senegalensis, Bipolaris sacchari, Setosphaeria rostrata
Sheath rot Cytospora sacchari
Smut (Culmicolous smut) Sporisorium scitamineum
Smuts (see Covered smut, Smut, Floral smut, False floral smut) Sphacelotheca macrospora, Ustilago scitaminea, Sporisorium cruentum, Sphacelotheca erianthi, Sporisorium schweinfurthianum, Claviceps sp.
Sooty mould Capnodium sp., Fumago sacchari
Spindle rot related to Acidovorax avenae subsp. avenae
Streak Sugarcane streak virus (SSV), Sugarcane streak Egypt virus (SSEV), Sugarcane streak Mauritius virus (SSMV)
Streak mosaic Sugarcane streak mosaic virus (SCSMV)
Striate mosaic Sugarcane striate mosaic associated virus (ScSMaV)
Target blotch Helminthosporium sp.
Tar spot Phyllachora sacchari
Top rot Acidovorax avenae subsp. avenae
Veneer blotch Deightoniella papuana
White leaf a phytoplasma
White rash Elsinoe sacchari
White speck (see White rash)
Wilt Fusarium oxysporum, F. sacchari, Acremonium implicatum, A. furcatum
Yellow leaf Sugarcane yellow leaf virus (ScYLV)
Yellow spot Mycovellosiella koepkei
Zonate leaf spot Gloeocercospora sorghi