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Names of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria, 1864-1995

Rathayibacter - Xanthomonas axonopodis

 

Rathayibacter Zgurskaya, Evtushenko, Akimov & Kalakoutskii 1993

Rathayibacter iranicus (ex Scharif 1961) Zgurskaya, Evtushenko, Akimov & Kalakoutskii 1993

= Clavibacter iranicus (ex Scharif 1961) Davis, Gillaspie, Vidaver & Harris 1984

= [Corynebacterium iranicus (Scharif 1961) Dye & Kemp 1977

= Corynebacterium michiganense pv. iranicum (Scharif 1961) Dye & Kemp 1977

CFBP 807; ICMP 3496; LMG 3677; NCPPB 2253

Rathayibacter rathayi (Smith 1913) Zgurskaya, Evtushenko, Akimov & Kalakoutskii 1993

= Clavibacter rathayi (Smith 1913) Davis, Gillaspie, Vidaver & Harris 1984

= Corynebacterium michiganense pv. rathayi (Smith 1913) Dye & Kemp 1977

= Corynebacterium rathayi (Smith 1913) Dowson 1942

CFBP 2406; ICMP 2574; LMG 7288; NCPPB 2980

Rathayibacter tritici (ex Hutchinson 1917) Zgurskaya, Evtushenko, Akimov & Kalakoutskii 1993

= Clavibacter tritici (ex Hutchinson 1917) Davis, Gillaspie, Vidaver & Harris 1984

= Corynebacterium michiganense pv. tritici (Hutchinson 1917) Dye & Kemp 1977

= [Corynebacterium tritici (Hutchinson 1917) Burkholder 1948b

ATCC 11403; CFBP 1385; ICMP 2626; LMG 3728; NCPPB 1857

Rhizobacter Goto & Kuwata 1988

Rhizobacter dauci Goto & Kuwata 1988 (as R. daucus)

ATCC 43778; ICMP 9400; LMG 9036

Rhizomonas van Bruggen, Jochimsen & Brown 1990

Rhizomonas suberifaciens van Bruggen, Jochimsen & Brown 1990

ATCC 49355; ICMP 12535; NCPPB 3629

Comparative analysis of 16s rDNA sequences (Karlson et al. in press) suggests that this genus is synonymous with Sphingomonas Yabuuchi, Yano, Oyaizu, Hashimoto, Ezaki & Yamamoto 1990. If so, Rhizomonas van Bruggen, Jochimsen & Brown 1990 has nomenclatural priority.

Rhodococcus Zopf 1891

Rhodococcus fascians (Tilford 1936) Goodfellow 1984

= Corynebacterium fascians (Tilford 1936) Dowson 1942

ATCC 12974; CFBP 2401; ICMP 5833; LMG 3623; NCPPB 3067

Serratia Bizio 1823

Serratia proteamaculans (Paine & Stansfield 1919) Grimont, Grimont & Starr 1978

= Erwinia proteamaculans (Paine & Stansfield 1919) Dye 1966

ATCC 19323; ICMP 1724; NCPPB 245

Spiroplasma Saglio, L'hospital, Laflèche, Dupont, Bové, Tully & Freundt 1973

Spiroplasma citri Saglio, L'hospital, Laflèche, Dupont, Bové, Tully & Freundt 1973

ATCC 27556; NCPPB 2647

Spiroplasma kunkelii Whitcomb, Chen, Williamson, Liao, Tully, Bové, Mouches, Rose, Coan & Clark 1986

ATCC 29320

Spiroplasma phoeniceum Saillard, Vignault, Bové, Raie, Tully, Williamson, Fos, Garnier, Gadeau, Carle & Whitcomb 1987

ATCC 43115

Streptomyces Waksman & Henrici 1943

Many pathogenic Streptomyces spp. have been associated with scabbing of potato (Bradbury 1986) and with other plant disorders. Old reports of some of these associations have not been authenticated in recent literature, although names have been included in the Approved Lists and are listed here. The relationships between pathogenic strains and the population represented by the type of the species have not always been established. Following Bradbury, we have listed all species for which there is a record of pathogenicity. Only where recent records indicate that there is a presumption of a pathogenic association are names listed bold.

Streptomyces acidiscabies Lambert & Loria 1989b

ATCC 49003; ICMP 12536

Streptomyces albidoflavus (Rossi-Doria 1891) Waksman & Henrici 1948

ATCC 25422; ICMP 12537

Streptomyces aureofaciens Duggar 1948

ATCC 10762; ICMP 499; LMG 5968; NRRL 2209

Streptomyces cacaoi (Bunting 1932) Waksman & Henrici 1948

= [Actinomyces cacaoi Bunting 1932

ATCC 3082

Streptomyces candidus (ex Krasil'nikov 1941) Sveshnikova 1986

= [Actinomyces candidus Krasil'nikov 1941

ATCC 19891; ICMP 12538

Streptomyces clavifer (Millard & Burr 1926) Waksman 1953

CBS 101.27

Streptomyces collinus Lindenbein 1952

ATCC 19743; ICMP 12539

Streptomyces fimbriatus (Millard & Burr 1926) Waksman 1953

ATCC 15051

Streptomyces globisporus (Krasil'nikov 1941) Waksman 1953

ATCC 15864

Streptomyces griseus subsp. griseus (Krainsky 1914) Waksman & Henrici 1948

ATCC 23345

Streptomyces griseus subsp. cretosus Pridham 1970

ATCC 27903; CBS 137.21

Streptomyces intermedius (Krüger 1904) Waksman 1953

ATCC 3329; ICMP 12540

Streptomyces ipomoeae (Person & Martin 1940) Waksman & Henrici 1948

ATCC 25462; ICMP 12541

Streptomyces longisporus (Krasil'nikov 1941) Waksman 1953

ATCC 23931

Streptomyces parvulus Waksman & Gregory 1954

ATCC 12434; ICMP 156

Streptomyces praecox (Millard & Burr 1926) Waksman 1953

ATCC 3374

Streptomyces rimosus Sobin, Finlay & Kane 1953

ATCC 10970; ICMP 919; LMG 5984; NRRL 2234

Streptomyces sampsonii (Millard & Burr 1926) Waksman 1953

ATCC 25495

Streptomyces scabies (ex Thaxter 1892) Lambert & Loria 1989a

ATCC 49173; ICMP 12542

Streptomyces setonii (Millard & Burr 1926) Waksman 1953

ATCC 25497; ICMP 12543

Streptomyces sparsogenes Owen, Dietz & Camiener 1963

ATCC 25498; LMG 5985; NRRL 2940

Streptomyces tricolor (Wollenweber 1920) Waksman 1961

CBS 103.21

Streptomyces violaceus (Rossi-Doria 1891) Waksman 1953

ATCC 15888

Streptomyces wedmorensis (Millard & Burr 1926) Preobrazhenskaya 1986

ATCC 21239; ICMP 12544

Xanthomonas Dowson 1939

Xanthomonas albilineans (Ashby 1929) Dowson 1943

ATCC 33915; CFBP 2523; ICMP 196; LMG 494; NCPPB 2969

Xanthomonas ampelina Panagopoulos 1969

see Xylophilus ampelinus

Xanthomonas arboricola Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

ATCC 49083; CFBP 2528; ICMP 35; LMG 747; NCPPB 411

Vauterin et al. (1995) chose the pathotype strain of X. arboricola pv. juglandis as the type strain of the species.

Xanthomonas arboricola pv. celebensis (Gäumann 1923) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. celebensis (Gäumann 1923) Dye 1978b

ATCC 19045; ICMP 1488; LMG 677; NCPPB 1832

Xanthomonas arboricola pv. corylina (Miller, Bollen, Simmons, Gross & Barss 1940) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. corylina (Miller, Bollen, Simmons, Gross & Barss 1940) Dye 1978b

ATCC 19313; CFBP 1159; ICMP 5726; LMG 689; NCPPB 935

Xanthomonas arboricola pv. juglandis (Pierce 1901) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. juglandis (Pierce 1901) Dye 1978b

ATCC 49083; CFBP 2528; ICMP 35; LMG 747; NCPPB 411

Vauterin et al. (1995) chose the pathotype strain of X. arboricola pv. juglandis as the type strain of the species. If this causes uncertainty, then it may be necessary to select a new pathotype strain for the pathovar.

[Xanthomonas arboricola pv. poinsettiicola Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995; not valid (Standard 5).

see Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. poinsettiicola and note at Xanthomonas campestris pv. poinsettiicola

Xanthomonas arboricola pv. populi (ex de Kam 1984) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. populi (ex de Kam 1984) Young, Bradbury, Davis, Dickey, Ercolani, Hayward & Vidaver 1991

ICMP 8923; LMG 12141

Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Smith 1903) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. pruni (Smith 1903) Dye 1978b

ATCC 19316; CFBP 2535; ICMP 51; LMG 852; NCPPB 416

Xanthomonas axonopodis Starr & Garcés 1950

ATCC 19312; ICMP 50; LMG 538; NCPPB 457

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. axonopodis Starr & Garcés 1950

ATCC 19312; ICMP 50; LMG 538; NCPPB 457

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. alfalfae (Riker, Jones & Davis 1935) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. alfalfae (Riker, Jones & Davis 1935) Dye 1978b

ICMP 5718; LMG 497; NCPPB 2062

[Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. aurantifolii (Gabriel, Kingsley, Hunter & Gottwald 1989) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995; not valid - see Xanthomonas campestris pv. aurantifolii

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. bauhiniae (Padhya, Patel & Kotasthane 1965a) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. bauhiniae (Padhya, Patel & Kotasthane 1965a) Dye 1978b

ICMP 5720; LMG 548; NCPPB 1335

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. begoniae (Takimoto 1934) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. begoniae (Takimoto 1934) Dye 1978b

ATCC 49082; CFBP 2524; ICMP 194; LMG 7303; NCPPB 1926

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. betlicola (Patel, Kulkarni & Dhande 1951) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. betlicola (Patel, Kulkarni & Dhande 1951) Dye 1978b

ATCC 11677; ICMP 312; LMG 555; NCPPB 2972

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. biophyti (Patel, Chauhan, Kotasthane & Desai 1969) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. biophyti (Patel, Chauhan, Kotasthane & Desai 1969) Dye 1978b

ICMP 2780; LMG 556; NCPPB 2228

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. cajani (Kulkarni, Patel & Abhyankar 1950) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. cajani (Kulkarni, Patel & Abhyankar 1950) Dye 1978b

ATCC 11639; ICMP 444; LMG 558; NCPPB 573

[Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. cassavae Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995; not valid (Standard 5) - see Xanthomonas cassavae and note at Xanthomonas campestris pv. cassavae

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. cassiae (Kulkarni, Patel & Dhande 1951) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. cassiae (Kulkarni, Patel & Dhande 1951) Dye 1978b

ATCC 11638; ICMP 358; LMG 675; NCPPB 2973

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri (Hasse 1915) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas citri (ex Hasse 1915) Gabriel, Kingsley, Hunter & Gottwald 1989

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri (Hasse 1915) Dye 1978b

CFBP 2525; ICMP 24; LMG 682; NCPPB 409

[Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citrumelo (Gabriel, Kingsley, Hunter & Gottwald 1989) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995; not valid - see Xanthomonas campestris pv. citrumelo

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. clitoriae (Pandit & Kulkarni 1979) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. clitoriae (Pandit & Kulkarni 1979) Dye, Bradbury, Goto, Hayward, Lelliott & Schroth 1980

ICMP 6574; LMG 9045; NCPPB 3092

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. coracanae (Desai, Thirumalachar & Patel 1965) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. coracanae (Desai, Thirumalachar & Patel 1965) Dye 1978b

ICMP 5724; LMG 686; NCPPB 1786

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. cyamopsidis (Patel, Dhande & Kulkarni 1953) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. cyamopsidis (Patel, Dhande & Kulkarni 1953) Dye 1978b

ICMP 616; LMG 691; NCPPB 637

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. desmodii (Patel 1949) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. desmodii (Patel 1949) Dye 1978b

ATCC 11640; ICMP 315; LMG 692; NCPPB 481

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. desmodiigangetici (Patel & Moniz 1948) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. desmodiigangetici (Patel & Moniz 1948) Dye 1978b

ATCC 11671; ICMP 577; LMG 693; NCPPB 577

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. desmodiilaxiflori (Pant & Kulkarni 1976a) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. desmodiilaxiflori Pant & Kulkarni 1976a

ICMP 6502; LMG 9046; NCPPB 3086

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. desmodiirotundifolii (Desai & Shah 1960) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. desmodiirotundifolii (Desai & Shah 1960) Dye 1978b

ICMP 168; LMG 694; NCPPB 885

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. dieffenbachiae (McCulloch & Pirone 1939) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. dieffenbachiae (McCulloch & Pirone 1939) Dye 1978b

ICMP 5727; LMG 695; NCPPB 1833

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. erythrinae (Patel, Kulkarni & Dhande 1952b) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. erythrinae (Patel, Kulkarni & Dhande 1952b) Dye 1978b

ATCC 11679; ICMP 446; LMG 698; NCPPB 578

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. fascicularis (Patel & Kotasthane 1969b) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. fascicularis (Patel & Kotasthane 1969b) Dye 1978b

ICMP 5731; LMG 9047; NCPPB 2230

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. glycines (Nakano 1919) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. glycines (Nakano 1919) Dye 1978b

ATCC 43911; CFBP 2526; ICMP 5732; LMG 712; NCPPB 554

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. khayae (Sabet 1959) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. khayae (Sabet 1959) Dye 1978b

ICMP 671; LMG 753; NCPPB 536

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. lespedezae (Ayers, Lefebvre & Johnson 1939) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. lespedezae (Ayres, Lefebvre & Johnson 1939) Dye 1978b

ATCC 13463; ICMP 439; LMG 757; NCPPB 993

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. maculifoliigardeniae (Ark & Barrett 1946) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. maculifoliigardeniae (Ark & Barrett 1946) Dye 1978b

CFBP 1155; ICMP 318; LMG 758; NCPPB 971

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. malvacearum (Smith 1901) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. malvacearum (Smith 1901) Dye 1978b

CFBP 2530; ICMP 5739; LMG 761; NCPPB 633

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (Bondar 1915) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. manihotis (Bondar 1915) Dye 1978b

ATCC 49073; CFBP 2603; ICMP 5741; LMG 773; NCPPB 1834

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. martyniicola (Moniz & Patel 1958) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. martyniicola (Moniz & Patel 1958) Dye 1978b

ICMP 82; LMG 9049; NCPPB 1148

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. melhusii (Patel, Kulkarni & Dhande 1952b) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. melhusii (Patel, Kulkarni & Dhande 1952b) Dye 1978b

ATCC 11644; ICMP 619; LMG 9050; NCPPB 994

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. nakataecorchori (Padhya & Patel 1963b) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. nakataecorchori (Padhya & Patel 1963b) Dye 1978b

ICMP 5742; LMG 786; NCPPB 1337

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. patelii (Desai & Shah 1959) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. patelii (Desai & Shah 1959) Dye 1978b

ICMP 167; LMG 811; NCPPB 840

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. pedalii (Patel & Jindal 1972) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. pedalii (Patel & Jindal 1972) Dye 1978b

ICMP 3030; LMG 812; NCPPB 2368

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (Smith 1897) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas phaseoli (ex Smith 1897) Gabriel, Kingsley, Hunter & Gottwald 1989

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli (Smith 1897) Dye 1978b

ATCC 9563; CFBP 2534; ICMP 5834; LMG 7455; NCPPB 3035

[Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli var. fuscans Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995 - not valid; this combination is an incidental mention which does not conform either to the Code (Rule 28b) or the Standards (Standard 18.1)

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phyllanthi (Sabet, Ishag & Khalil 1969) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. phyllanthi (Sabet, Ishag & Khalil 1969) Dye 1978b

ICMP 5745; LMG 844; NCPPB 2066

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. physalidicola (Goto & Okabe 1958) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. physalidicola (Goto & Okabe 1958) Dye 1978b

ATCC 49077; ICMP 586; LMG 845; NCPPB 761

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. poinsettiicola (Patel, Bhatt & Kulkarni 1951) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. pointsettiicola (Patel, Bhatt & Kulkarni 1951) Dye 1978b

ATCC 11643; ICMP 5779; LMG 849; NCPPB 581

see note at Xanthomonas campestris pv. poinsettiicola

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. punicae (Hingorani & Singh 1959) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. punicae (Hingorani & Singh 1959) Dye 1978b

ICMP 360; LMG 859; NCPPB 466

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. rhynchosiae (Sabet, Ishag & Khalil 1969) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. rhynchosiae (Sabet, Ishag & Khalil 1969) Dye 1978b

ICMP 5748; LMG 8021; NCPPB 1827

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. ricini (Yoshii & Takimoto 1928) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. ricini (Yoshii & Takimoto 1928) Dye 1978b

ATCC 19317; ICMP 5747; LMG 861; NCPPB 1063

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. sesbaniae (Patel, Kulkarni & Dhande 1952a) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. sesbaniae (Patel, Kulkarni & Dhande 1952a) Dye 1978b

ATCC 11675; ICMP 367; LMG 867; NCPPB 582

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. tamarindi (Patel, Bhatt & Kulkarni 1951) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. tamarindi (Patel, Bhatt & Kulkarni 1951) Dye 1978b

ATCC 11673; ICMP 572; LMG 955; NCPPB 584

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vasculorum (Cobb 1894) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. vasculorum (Cobb 1894) Dye 1978b

ATCC 35938; CFBP 2602; ICMP 5757; LMG 901; NCPPB 796

see note at Xanthomonas campestris pv. vasculorum

[Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vesicatoria Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995; not valid (Standard 5)

see Xanthomonas vesicatoria and note at Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vignaeradiatae (Sabet, Ishag & Khalil 1969) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. vignaeradiatae (Sabet, Ishag & Khalil 1969) Dye 1978b

ICMP 5759; LMG 936; NCPPB 2058

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vignicola (Burkholder 1944) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. vignicola (Burkholder 1944) Dye 1978b

ATCC 11648; ICMP 333; LMG 8752; NCPPB 1838

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vitians (Brown 1918) Vauterin, Hoste, Kersters & Swings 1995

= Xanthomonas campestris pv. vitians (Brown 1918) Dye 1978b

ATCC 19320; CFBP 2538; ICMP 336; LMG 937; NCPPB 976.

This strain may originally have been inappropriately chosen as the pathotype strain (Vauterin et al. 1995).

see Xanthomonas campestris pv. vitians