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Newsletter Oct 2007

INTERNATIONAL NEWSLETTER ON PLANT PATHOLOGY

ISPP Newsletter 37 (4) September 2007

Material for the Newsletter is invited from individual members of ISPP, Associated Societies, Council members, Chairs of all Committees and representatives of Affiliated Societies and Supporting Organisations.

Editor: Brian J Deverall,  (E-mail)

    

In this issue: 

 

 

ISPP Public Forum at the 2008 Congress in Turin

Following the pattern established at ICPP 1998 and ICPP 2003, there will be a Public Forum on Plant Pathology and Global Food Security at ICPP 2008. The organizers of ICPP 2008 intend to involve the press in the Public Forum.

Richard Strange (r.strange@ucl.ac.uk) and Peter Scott (p.scott@cabi.org) have developed the following program for the Forum, and, at this stage, they welcome comments.

 

Public Discussion Forum
 
Plant Pathology and
GLOBAL FOOD SECURITY
 
Monday 25 August 2008
19:30 - 22:00
Lingotto Conference Centre, Torino, Italy
 
Organized by ISPP's Task Force on Global Food Security
as part of the
9th International Congress of Plant Pathology

 

THE ENORMITY OF THE PROBLEM

During the World Food Summit in Rome in 1996, Heads of States proposed to halve the number of undernourished people by 2015. In the ensuing 10 years, virtually no progress has been made towards this goal.

  • More than 800 million people do not have adequate food
  • 1.3 billion live on less than $1 a day
  • At least 10% of global food production is lost to plant disease

Plant pathologists cannot ignore the juxtaposition of these figures.

Virtually all undernourished people live in the developing countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America. Hunger and poverty are inextricably linked and the solution does not rely on one factor, but on an interrelated complex of factors that includes population, technology, policy and social changes.

Nevertheless, it is clear that reducing the impact of plant disease can help to alleviate the enormity of the problem of achieving global food security. A vast number of plant pathogens, from viroids of a few hundred nucleotides to higher plants, cause diseases in our crops. Their effects range from mild symptoms to catastrophes in which large areas planted to food crops are destroyed. Plant diseases threaten our food supplies: adequate resources should be devoted to their control.

WHAT ARE THE OPTIONS FOR MANAGING PLANT DISEASES TO IMPROVE FOOD SECURITY?

Six different aspects will be addressed.

  • PETER SCOTT, International Society for Plant Pathology; RICHARD STRANGE, Birkbeck College, University of London
ISPP and the challenge of food security
  • GURDEV KHUSH, World Food Prize Laureate, University of California Davis

 

Why plant diseases matter to food security
  • HARRY EVANS, JIM WALLER, CABI

 

Globalization and the threat to biosecurity
  • JAMES BROWN, John Innes Centre, Norwich
Genetic uniformity of crops and the threat to food security
  • FLORENCE WAMBUGU, Africa Harvest Biotech Foundation International; DAVID BAULCOMBE, University of Cambridge
GM as a new tool in the resistance toolbox
  • CORRADO CLINI, Global Bioenergy Partnership
Concluding remarks

These presentations will be followed by a general discussion to which all are invited to contribute.

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Pierre de Wit, APS Award Recipient

The American Phytopathological Society (APS) has announced the recipients of its 2007 awards, which were presented at the recent annual meeting in San Diego. See (www.apsnet.org/members/awards/2007.asp).

Pierre J G M de Wit of Wageningen University, The Netherlands, received the Noel T Keen Award for Research in Molecular Plant Pathology. This award recognizes individuals who have made outstanding contributions in host pathogen interactions, plant pathogens or plant-associated microbes, or molecular biology of disease development or defense mechanisms.

Most of Pierre�s career has been based in plant pathology at Wageningen University, where he became Professor in 1990 and Head of the Laboratory of Phytopathology in 1992. Pierre has made several outstanding contributions in analysing the molecular events underlying avirulence and viulence and host resistance in the interactions between the fungal pathogen Cladosporium fulvum and cultivars of tomato. Among major accomplishments was the cloning and characterization of the fungal avirulence gene, Avr9, in 1991. To-date, his research group has cloned eight effectors of C. fulvum and, to all of them, cognate Cf resistance genes have been shown to exist in wild accessions of Solanum spp..  

The work of his group and collaborators has greatly influenced international research on host specificity and disease resistance, resulting in the cloning of resistance genes of plants. The topic of fungal avirulence is also being advanced. Avirulence genes have become well-understood in obligate biotrophic fungi and oomycetes. Realising the virulence function of effector proteins is central to understanding pathogenicity not only in fungi but also in bacteria, oomycetes, and nematodes in their interactions with plants.

His approaches have lead to several patents towards breeding for resistance to disease based on Avr-R gene interactions and defense signalling genes. Pierre also plays leadership roles in the service internationally of plant pathology and particularly molecular plant pathology.

 

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Dr Dorothy Shaw     26 April 1920 � 27 August 2007

Dr Dorothy Shaw, foundation and honorary member of the Australasian Plant Pathology Society, has passed away. A service to commemorate her life was held on 31 August in a suburb of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Dr Shaw was Government Plant Pathologist in Papua New Guinea from 1953-1976. She was awarded an MBE. She had been visiting scientist at the Queensland Department of Primary Industries at Indooroopilly from 1976 until April 2007.

In her time at Indooroopilly, Dorothy continued not only her interest in plant pathology, but also maintained an extensive correspondence with colleagues around the world. She also pursued interests in Aroids (flowering and pollination and Aroids on stamps), and the collection of fungal spores, particularly those of Neurospora spp., by bees. See ( http://www.australasianplantpathologysociety.org.au/Pathology/McAlpine/DM12.htm ).

Her memories and stories of the people and places from her career were phenomenal. An inspiration to many, Dorothy will be sadly missed by her numerous colleagues and associates.

 

New Director of CGIAR

The Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) announced the appointment of Dr Ren Wang as director of its global network of research Centers. Dr Wang was Deputy Director General for Research at the CGIAR-supported International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in the Philippines for the past seven years. In that time, Dr Wang developed collaborative initiatives in sub-Saharan Africa and Central Asia and managed IRRI programs in 14 countries. 

Katherine Sierra, Chair of CGIAR and Vice President of the World Bank's Sustainable Development Network, welcomed Dr Wang as director because of his major experience as a scientist and manager of ambitious research initiatives in developing countries. Dr Wang, who holds a PhD in entomology from Virginia Polytechnic and State University, USA, has also helped to shape China�s agriculture research services. He was Vice President of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), where he was key contact for China�s partnership with the CGIAR. Dr Wang also helped to establish the Sino-Japan Center for Sustainable Agriculture at CAAS.

Dr Wang is now set to lead the large CGIAR team of scientists in helping agriculture deal with the consequences of climate change.

See ( http://www.cgiar.org/newsroom/releases/news.asp?idnews=589 ).

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The 10th International Congress of Plant Pathology, ICPP 2013

Associated Societies of ISPP are invited to present bids to host the 10th International Congress of Plant Pathology in 2013.

Bids are invited by 31 October 2007. They should be sent to the Business Manager of ISPP, with c.c. to the Secretary ISPP, as e-mail attachments and/or Web addresses.

Peter Williamson
Business Manager, International Society for Plant Pathology
businessmanager@ISPPWeb.org

Selection among bids is made by ballot of ISPP Councillors, representing Associated Societies, early in 2008.

The Business Manager can provide further guidance on the presentation of bids. Bids should meet the following criteria:

1) Bids must come from an ISPP Associated Society (national or regional) or combination of societies and not from a city or national convention bureau.  On the other hand, the society or societies making a bid should consider working with a local convention bureau to help identify and advertise the unique features of their country that will interest the delegates.

2) The financial obligations of hosting an International Congress of Plant Pathology are the responsibility of the host society (or societies).  ISPP does not underwrite the financing of the Congress.

3) The society (or societies) hosting the Congress is responsible for organizing the program, and therefore must be sufficiently large to provide leadership in the major sections of plant pathology.  The program of a past Congress may be consulted as a guide.  Some help can be expected from ISPP Subject Matter Committees and organizers are strongly advised to seek their inputs.

Previous Congresses have included oral presentations of Keynote and Concurrent Session Papers, and poster presentations of Offered Papers. The potential Congress venue should provide up-to-date facilities for both types of presentations.

4) The site (city and hotels/campus) should normally be able to accommodate more than 2000 delegates and provide meeting rooms for around 10 concurrent sessions, as well as numerous small meeting rooms.  The site should preferably offer a variety of amenities with a range of costs.  Ideally, a university campus should be near to provide low-cost accommodations for those unable to afford more expensive hotels and meals.

5) The host city must be easily accessible by international airlines and offer a variety of cultural and tourist attractions.  One day of the Congress may be scheduled for tours of local attractions.

6) Consideration should be given to strategies for enabling attendance of delegates from developing countries.

Dr Greg Johnson
Secretary-General, International Society for Plant Pathology
c/- Horticulture 4 Development
PO Box 412, Jamison ACT 2614
Australia
Tel: +61 2 62515658
Mobile: +61 4 05087870
E-mail: greg.johnson@velocitynet.com.au

   

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Advances in Virology � Keynote Speakers

The Association of Applied Biologists is holding a meeting on Advances in Virology in London, United Kingdom, from 11-12 September 2007; see �Coming Events�.

The keynote speakers are:-

M J Roossinck (Plant Biology Division, The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, Ardmore, Oklahoma, USA),

J A Garc�a (University of Madrid, Spain),

O Voinett (CNRS, Strasbourg, France).

The titles of papers and names of other speakers are in the program at (http://www.aab.org.uk/contentok.php?id=184&basket=wwsshowconflist).

 

Mycotoxicology Newsletter

This is the newsletter of the International Society of Mycotoxicology (ISM). Issue 1 of Volume XI (2007) has just reached my desk, and it carries news of the first period in the life of ISM, which was established in November 2005 and held its first general meeting in September 2006. Its First International Congress is being planned for 2009.

The newsletter also carries news of cognate symposia and conferences during early months of 2007, and relevant news from international agencies. It reports on regulatory news about mycotoxins, especially products of Fusarium species.

See ( http://www.mycotoxicology.org/2007/index.html ).

The editor of the newsletter is Dr Angelo Visconti, Director of the Institute of Sciences of Food Production, Via Amendola 122/O, 70126 Bari, Italy; e-mail: ( angelo.visconti@ispa.cnr.it ). The new ISM web-site is at ( http://www.mycotox-society.org ).

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For African Rice Production

Three leading international agricultural research institutes will combine their activities to focus on African rice production. They are the Africa Rice Center (WARDA) in Benin, the Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT) in Colombia and the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in the Philippines. Each center is supported by the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR).

The plan is to establish a sub-Saharan Africa Rice Consortium (SARC), which will consolidate the two existing regional rice networks, the West and Central Africa Rice Research and Development Network and the Eastern and Central Africa Rice Research Network, and also cover other parts of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). SARC will also collaborate with National Agricultural Research and Extension Systems (NARES) in order to promote rice and rice research in SSA and extend technology and information from international research to NARES and farmers in the region.

In doing so, a critical mass of trained scientists for Africa�s capacity in rice research will be created. It is hoped that better coordination in the rice sector in Africa and co-operation with Asia and Latin America in terms of germplasm use will follow.

See ( http://www.warda.org/warda/newsrel-riceproduction-aug07.asp ).

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Sudden Oak Death in California and Requested Precautions

This disease in oak is caused by Phytophthora ramorum. The American Phytopathological Society (APS) reports that the pathogen also causes a foliar or twig blight on more than 100 plant species, including Douglas-fir, coastal redwood, and numerous ornamentals, such as rhododendron and camellia. Unlike sudden oak death, the foliar and twig blight rarely causes the host plant to die. Instead, many of these hosts allow spores to build up on leaf and twig surfaces, thereby facilitating pathogen spread. These ornamental hosts have been found in P. ramorum-positive nurseries throughout the USA and other countries.

Although California has lost more than a million trees and at least another million are currently infected, only 10.5 percent of the state's forests considered at risk for pathogen establishment are currently infested.

Inadvertently planting infested ornamentals can damage areas not yet exposed to the pathogen. Landscapers and homeowners are asked, therefore, to inspect host plants for health and freedom from browning of leaf tips or edges before making a purchase. A P. ramorum-susceptible plant then should be kept in an isolated area outside for eight weeks before planting to make sure that no symptoms appear. Host plants should not be planted near susceptible oaks and tanoaks.

People visiting areas known to be infested should comply with state and federal regulations by not removing any host material from the site, including firewood. As an added caution, visitors should remove all organic material from shoes, equipment, tyres and other surfaces before leaving an infested area to ensure that they are not accidentally taking the pathogen with them to their next destination.

New DNA research has revealed three lineages of P. ramorum. The technology helps greatly in finding where infested material is coming from, in tracking spread patterns and in being aware of the presence of different lineages in a single location. Different lineages can potentially mate and generate further problems.

More information is available at ( http://nature.berkeley.edu/comtf ).

 

Handbook of Small Grain Insects

The Handbook of Small Grain Insects is new and is a comprehensive text that examines the biology and management of arthropod pest and beneficial species of small grain crops. It is edited by G David Buntin, Keith S Pike, Michael J Weiss, and James A Webster. The handbook contains the latest information on the management of small grain pests with introductory chapters discussing management tactics specifically related to small grain production. It also brings together in one place an extensive amount of information on the biology and management of many minor pests of small grains that is often difficult to locate.

It includes more than 135 color photographs and maps, illustrated keys of pest injury and insect identification, references, glossary, and an index. It is co-published by the Entomological Society of America and The American Phytopathological Society.

See ( http://www.apsnet.org/apspress/email/7.19.07.htm ).

 

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Coming Events

International Symposium on Novel Approaches to Disease and Pest Management in Banana and Plantain in Greenway Woods, White River, South Africa.
10-14 September 2007.
See ( www.promusa.org ).
 
AAB (Association of Applied Biologists) Advances in Virology at the University of Greenwich, London, United Kingdom.
11-12 September 2007.  
See ( http://www.aab.org.uk/contentok.php?id=184&basket=wwsshowconflist ).
 
AAB Plant Nematology Workshop at Agri-Food and Biosciences Instiute, Belfast, Northern Ireland.
11-13 September 2007.
See ( http://www.aab.org.uk/contentok.php?id=184&basket=wwsshowconflist )
 
Molecular Biology of Plant Pathogens 2007 Meeting (MBPP2007) in Bath, United Kingdom.
11-12 September 2007.
See ( http://www.scri.ac.uk/mbpp/index.htm ).
 
The BSPP Presidential Meeting: Attack and Defence in Plant Disease at the University of Bath, United Kingdom.
12-14 September 2007.
See ( http://www.bsppmeetings.org.uk ).
 
13th European Congress on Biotechnology in Barcelona, Spain.
16-19 September 2007.
See ( http://www.ecb13.eu ).
 
International Conference of Agricultural Biotechnology (AgriBio-2007) "Maximizing Gains, Minimizing Risks" in New Delhi, India.
17-18 September 2007.
See ( http://www.AgriBio2007.com ).
 
First International Symposium on Chili Anthracnose at the Convention Center, Hoam Faculty House, Seoul National University, Korea.
17-19 September 2007.
See ( http://www.avrdc.org/anthracnose/index.html ).
 
16th Biennial Australasian Plant Pathology Society Conference (�Back to Basics: Managing Plant Disease�) and 9th Australasian Mycological Society Conference in Adelaide, South Australia.
24-27 September 2007.
See ( www.australasianplantpathologysociety.org.au ).
 
2nd International Conference on Bacterial Blight of Rice (ICBB) in Nanjing, China.
1-3 October 2007.
See ( http://icbb2007.njau.edu.cn ).
 
II International Symposium on Tomato Diseases in Kusadasi, Turkey.
8-12 October 2007.
See ( www.2istd.ege.edu.tr ).
 
AAB Advances in Pest Management at Studley Castle, Warwickshire, UK.
11 October 2007.
See ( http://www.aab.org.uk/contentok.php?id=184&basket=wwsshowconflist ).
 
XVIth International Plant Protection Congress (IPPC) in Glasgow, United Kingdom.
15-18 October 2007.
See ( www.bcpc.org/iapps2007 ).
 
14th International Botrytis Symposium in Cape Town, South Africa.
21-26 October 2007.
See ( http://academic.sun.ac.za/botrytis2007/ ).
 
Borers and Rots in Eucalypts Conference in Perth, Western Australia.
5-7 November 2007.
See ( www.promaco.com.au/2007/borers ).
 
First Meeting of International Phytoplasmologist Working Group (IPWG) in Bologna, Italy.
12-15 November 2007.
See ( http://www.mpunion.com ).
 
6th World Avocado Congress in Vina del Mar, Chile.
12-16 November 2007.
See ( www.worldavocadocongress.com ).
 
20th Venezuelan Congress of Phytopathology in Yaracuy State, Venezuela.
13-16 November 2007.
See ( www.sovefit.org ).
 
VI International Pineapple Symposium in Jo�o Pessoa, Paraiba State, Brazil.
18-23 November 2007.
Contact: Dr. Domingo Haroldo Reinhardt, Embrapa Cassava & Tropical Fruits, Cruz das Almas, Bahia, Brazil ( dharoldo@cnpmf.embrapa.br ).
See ( www.ipsbrasil2007.com.br ).
 
Third International Conference on Plant Pathology & 7th Biennial Meeting of Pakistan Phytopathological Society in the University of Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.
19-21 November 2007.
See ( http://www.pu.edu.pk/conference/mppl-conference-07.asp ).
Contact: Professor Dr Rukhsana Bajwa, Chairperson, Department of Mycology & Plant Pathology, University of the Punjab, Lahore-54590, Pakistan. Tel: +92 429231846-7.
Fax: +92 429231187. E-mail: ( chairperson@mpp.pu.edu.pk ).
 
1st International Phytophthora Capsici Conference in Islamorada, Florida, USA.
27-29 November 2007.
See ( http://conferences.dce.ufl.edu/pcap ).
 
5th Canadian Workshop on Fusarium Head Blight in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
27-30 November 2007.
See ( atekauz@agr.cg.ca ).
 
2007 National Fusarium Head Blight Forum in Kansas City, Missouri, USA.
2-4 December 2007.
Contact ( scabusa@scabusa.org ).
See ( www.scabusa.org/forum07.html ).
 
AAB (Association of Applied Biologists) Advances in Nematology at the Linnean Society, London, United Kingdom.
11 December 2007.       
See ( http://www.aab.org.uk/contentok.php?id=184&basket=wwsshowconflist ).
 
National Soybean Rust Symposium in Louisville, Kentucky, USA.
12-14 December 2007.
Contact ( aps@scisoc.org ).
See ( www.apsnet.org ).
 
AAB International Advances in Pesticide Application 2008 at Robinson College, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
9-11 January 2008.
See ( http://www.aab.org.uk/contentok.php?id=184&basket=wwsshowconflist ).
 
Plant Innate Immunity (X2) at Keystone Resort, Keystone, Colorado, USA.
10-15 February 2008.
www.keystonesymposia.org/Meetings/viewMeetings.cfm?MeetingID=932
 
Third International Late Blight Conference 2008 in Beijing, China.
3-6 April 2008.
See ( http://research.cip.cgiar.org/typo3/web/index.php?id=1053 ).
 
International Conference on Banana and Plantain in Africa: Harnessing International Partnerships to Increase Research Impact in Mombasa, Kenya.
7-10 April 2008.
See ( http://www.banana2008.com ).
 
6th International Seed Testing Association Seed Health Symposium at Kruger National Park, South Africa.
14-18 April 2008.
www.up.ac.za/conferences/ielc
 
12th International Symposium on Virus Diseases of Ornamental Plants at
Van der Valk Hotel, Haarlem, The Netherlands.
20-24 April 2008
www.plant-virology.nl/ISVDOP12
 
VIII Symposium on Plant Biotechnology. Santa Clara, Villa Clara, Cuba.
23-25 April 2008.
http://simposio.ibp.co.cu
 
13th International Congress on Infectious Diseases (ICID) in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
19-22 June 2008.
See ( http://www.isid.org/13th_icid ).
 
5th International Congress of Nematology in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
13-18 July 2008.
See ( www.5icn.org/ ).
 
The 16th Congress of the Federation of European Societies of Plant Biology (FESPB) in Tampere, Finland.
17-22 August 2008.
See ( http://www.fespb2008.org ).
Also satellite symposium on Peroxidases.
20-23 August 2008.
See ( http://www.peroxidase2008.org ).
 
4th International Symposium on Rhizoctonia in Berlin, Germany.
20-23 August 2008.
See ( http://rhizoctonia.org ).
 
3rd International Phytophthora/Pythium Workshop in association with the 9th ICPP-2008 in Torino, Italy.
23-24 August 2008.
See ( www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/identification/phytophthora ).
 
APS Centennial Meeting, Minneapolis in Minnesota, USA.
26-30 July 2008.
Contact: ( aps@scisoc.org ).
See ( http://meeting.apsnet.org/centennial/default.cfm ).
 
9th International Congress of Plant Pathology (ICPP 2008) in Torino, Italy.
24-29 August 2008.
Contact: Congress Secretariat, Valentina Communication, Via Cibrario 27, 10143 Torino, Italy. Phone: +39-0114374250; Fax: +39-0114374318; e-mail: ( info@icpp2008.org ).
See ( www.icpp2008.org ).
 
APS Caribbean Division Meeting, part of the 6th International Scientific Seminar on Plant Health, in Havana, Cuba.
22-26 September 2008.
Contact: ( aps@scisoc.org ).
See ( www.apsnet.org ).
 
16th Ornamental Workshop on Diseases and Pests in Hendersonville, North Carolina, USA.
22-26 September 2008.
See ( www.cals.ncsu.edu/plantpath/activities/societies/ornamental ).
 
10th International Fusarium Workshop in Alghero, Sardinia, Italy.
30 September-2 October 2008.
See ( www.cdl.umn.edu/scab/10th_fhb_wkshp.htm ).
 
 

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