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Newsletter May 2009

    INTERNATIONAL NEWSLETTER ON PLANT PATHOLOGY

    ISPP Newsletter 39 (5) May 2009

    Material for the Newsletter is invited from individual members of ISPP, Associated Societies, Council members, Chairs of all Committees and representatives of Affiliated Societies and Supporting Organisations.

    Editor: Brian J Deverall,  (E-mail)

In this issue: 

The European Research Area - First Monitoring of the Results achieved in the 7th Framework Programme (2007-2013) of the European Union

Since the adoption of the Lisbon strategy for growth and jobs, the European Union (EU) has committed itself to realise a fully open and competitive European Research Area (ERA). Advancing towards research excellence, raising the efficiency and effectiveness of the European research system, increasing the openness and attractiveness of the ERA, as well as developing a strategic partnership with Member States in international science and technology cooperation and a closer relationship with neighbouring countries, represent the medium to long term aims of research policy.

The seventh Framework Programme (FP7) (2007-2013), with a total budget of over 50 billion EUR represents a key tool in responding to Europe's need in terms of jobs and competitiveness, and in maintaining leadership in the global knowledge economy. It also represents the arena where European researchers need to compete in order to get most of their funding.

The aim of FP7 is to contribute to the EU becoming the word's leading research area. This requires the Framework Programme to be strongly focused on promoting and investing in world-class, state-of-the-art research, based primarily upon the principle of excellence in research, towards the development of a knowledge-based economy and society.

In order to capture the broad range of research activities, FP7 is divided into four categories, corresponding to four types of objectives: co-operation, ideas, people, and capacities. For each type of objective, there is a specific programme corresponding to the main areas of EU research policy.

The "Co-operation" programme provides project funding for collaborative, trans-national research. The programme is organised through thematic priorities such as health, energy, transport, food and agriculture, nanotechnologies etc.

The "Ideas" programme provides project funding for individuals and their teams engaged in frontier research. The programme is managed by the European Research Council.

The "People" programme funds actions to improve the mobility of researchers between sectors and countries world-wide. It is managed under the Marie Curie programme.

The "Capacities" programme funds actions that are designed to improve Europe's research infrastructure and the research capacities of small medium size enterprises (SMEs).

The first analysis of the results achieved in the first period of FP7 implementation are considered positively by the European Commission. Almost 36,000 research and development proposals were received during the first 2 years, with more than 5,500 proposals (equivalent to EUR 10 billion) selected for funding. The success rate varies between 18% and 36% in the different programmes.

Higher education institutes and research organisations are the main beneficiaries of the FP7, accounting for 60% of applicants and 59% of the budget. SMEs represent 16.4% of the numbers of applicants and 14% of the budget. SMEs' participation is quite high in the ICT, health, nanotechnologies and transport thematic areas.

The participation of the 12 "new" EU Member States in terms of numbers of submitted and retained proposals is still lower than their share of the EU 27 research workforce. Some countries (i.e. United Kingdom, The Netherlands, Sweden and Finland) are very aggressive and able to get back to their institutions a higher amount of money, in comparison to that allocated by their countries. Other countries (i.e. France, Italy and Spain) are less competitive and have a much lower capacity to get back the same amount of money initially transferred by their countries to the European Commission.

Relevant topics in plant pathology are mostly tackled within the Co-operation programme, in the Food and Agriculture area as well as under Environment. However, researchers must get acquainted with the fact that less and less calls are devoted to plant pathology. An interdisciplinary approach is necessary in order to be able to build broad partnership, which include SMEs, capable to fully respond to the requests of the few calls available in the field of plant health.

10 May 2009 M L Gullino

Second Issue of "Food Security"

Richard Strange has written an editorial titled "In this issue" for the second issue (June 2009) of the new journal "Food Security". It is reproduced below and the source is: Strange R N (2009) In this issue. In: Food security: The science, sociology and economics of food production and access to food, vol 2, 2009, pp. 1-2, Springer Science + Business Media B V & International Society for Society for Plant Pathology.

The papers published in this second issue of Food Security document some of the multiple causes of food insecurity. Topics include desertification, flooding, adaptation of remote communities to modern technology, seasonality of food crops and the corresponding dearth between harvests, lack of iron in traditionally consumed food, resulting in anaemia, and taboos that inhibit people from supplementing their diets with nutritious wild fruits that are readily available. One paper also considers the vulnerability of our crops to acts of agroterrorism. Conversely, the amelioration of dietary deficits is treated by several authors. Procedures include the establishment of policies that buffer countries against price swings of food materials on the international market, encouragement of domestic agriculture, a framework for deciding whether aid should be given in cash or in kind and construction of a dryer out of simple materials, which can be used to remove water from produce and consequently dramatically prolong its shelf life.

There is a single review article by Lindsay Stringer in which she explores the relationship between desertification and food security. She shows that both share considerable common ground and argues that this should be recognised in interventions. These, she contends, should be approached from the perspective of livelihoods and vulnerability.

The first original paper by Ian Douglas takes up the theme of the physical environment, but here the concern is flooding rather than desertification. He points out that climate change is likely to cause an increase in the magnitude, depth and duration of floods in South Asia and that there is a gender disparity in those who suffer, women and children faring worse than men.

The next paper by Paul Dorosh is also concerned with South Asia. He points out that the sharp rise in international cereal prices in 2007 and 2008 had a profound impact on the food security of countries in this area but cautions against over-reaction with policies that ultimately slow economic growth and inhibit poverty reduction. Instead, he advocates the accumulation of national stocks to prevent very large price increases, reliance on international trade to limit the need for government interventions in most years, promotion of domestic agriculture and targeted safety net programmes for poor households which, ideally, would be cash based.

The principle of cash distribution versus direct food aid is taken up by Christopher Barrett and co-authors. Building on a previously published decision tree, these authors propose a question and analysis framework to help operational agencies anticipate the likely impact of these alternatives.

Andrew Scourse and Corinne Wilkins give a fascinating account of food security issues on a Pacific atoll. They describe how traditional methods of ensuring adequate food are gradually being eroded by the advent of modern technology and products. These include boats with outboard motors, facilitating movement between islands but incurring a requirement for fuel, modern equipment for fishing and exotic food, which is welcomed, but is dependent on the irregular arrival of government ships.

A staggering 2 billion of the world's population are anaemic. Emily Levitt and co-authors analysed the diets of communities living in the Balkh Province of Afghanistan as a preliminary to establishing a comprehensive programme for the control of anaemia in the north of the country.

Many countries face conditions in which the season for a given crop is short and they lack equipment to prolong the shelf life of the produce. Antoine Nonclerq and co-authors demonstrate the feasibility of constructing solar powered drying equipment in Mali from locally obtained materials and demonstrate that tomatoes dried in a prototype may be kept for over a year, whereas the harvesting season is only 3 months.

Ethiopia is a country with a relatively rich flora containing many plants that produce edible fruits. Mengistu Fentahun and Herbert Hager show that, although at least some of these are prevalent throughout the year and would do much to enhance the local diet, there is little enthusiasm for their consumption owing to local taboos and customs.

Finally, Fr�d�ric Suffert and co-authors consider the risk to food security posed by the malicious introduction of plant pathogens. Although the development of a serious outbreak of plant disease from such introductions is far from certain, the disruption of trade is likely to be a casualty.

R Strange, School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Birkbeck College, University of London, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, UK. e-mail: r.strange@sbc.bbk.ac.uk 

Plant Virus Epidemiology - ISPP Subject Matter Committee

Professor Alberto Fereres, Chair of the ISPP Plant Virus Epidemiology Subject Matter Committee, advises that their next meeting, the International Plant Virus Epidemiology Symposium, will be held at Cornell, New York, USA, on 20-24 June 2010. The meeting is being organized jointly with the Plant Virus Ecology Network (PVEN).

See "Coming Events" and the ISPP Plant Virus Epidemiology Subject Matter Committee web-site at  http://www.isppweb.org/ICPVE/ .

10th Arab Congress of Plant Protection

The second announcement, call for abstracts and information on the program and the component symposia for the 10th Arab Congress of Plant Protection has arrived and it may be seen by clicking here. The Congress is being organized by the Arab Society for Plant Protection in collaboration with the National Council for Scientific Research. It will be held at the Crowne Plaza Hotel, Beirut, Lebanon from 26-30 October 2009. The e-mail address is  acpp2009@cnrs.edu.lb , and the Society's web-site is  www.asplantprotection.org.

Grapevine Trunk Diseases - ISPP Subject Matter Committee

The International Council on Grapevine Trunk Diseases and the ISPP Subject Matter Committee on Grapevine Trunk Diseases now have a web-site  http://www.icgtd.org.

Laura Mugnai  laura.mugnai@unifi.it informed the ISPP Newsletter about this and also provided the following announcement of the 7th International Workshop on Grapevine Trunk Diseases to be held from 17-21 January 2010 in Chile. It will be organized by Jaime Auger and Marcela Esterio of the Universidad de Chile. Click here to access the 1st circular. It provides details about the organisation, registration, accommodation and submission of abstracts.

Cassava mosaic virus

Cassava mosaic disease, which was highly destructive to cassava plants in Nigeria in the early 1970s, is reported to have emerged again in a more damaging form., which might wipe out the entire crop in Nigeria, Cameroon, Ghana and Togo. This is according to a recent release (23 April, 2009) by ProMED-mail  http://www.promedmail.org. a program of the International Society for Infectious Diseases.

Nigeria is currently a leading producer of cassava and earns much foreign exchange from export of cassava. The new situation has prompted an emergency response from the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture and other Nigerian agricultural experts.

IPMnet and its NEWS

Once again, readers are reminded of "IPMnet" an Integrated Pest Management Network concerning "Global Principles, Local Practices". IPMnet NEWS is produced and provided as a free, electronic and global IPM information resource.

IPMnet NEWS is an electronic newsletter published every six weeks year round. It delivers current crop pest management and IPM information linked to: new developments, research, and technology; extension and economic impacts; a field focus; current publications; email links for authoritative contacts; highlights of, and access to, recent literature; plus, internet links to many other related information sources.

IPMnet NEWS emphasizes contemporary, environmentally aware, economic approaches for managing/controlling weeds, pathogens, insects, nematodes, and vertebrate pests in crops and amenity plantings, as well as preventing or containing crop-related invasive species.

IPMnet NEWS is not sponsored by, affiliated with, nor beholden to any private sector interests. Current financial underwriting comes from: the USA Agency for International Development's IPM Collaborative Research Support Program; the USA Dept. of Agriculture's Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service; and, the Integrated Plant Protection Center at Oregon State University, USA.

The NEWS cooperates closely with both the International Society for Pest Information and the International Association for the Plant Protection Sciences, as well as several other professional organizations and groups.

To contact A E Deutsch, editor/coordinator, or to place an order, go to  IPMnet@science.oregonstate.edu.

A Century at the John Innes Centre, Norwich, UK

To help celebrate 100 years of genetics at the John Innes Centre, Norwich, UK, there will be a very special symposium in September 2009. See "Coming Events". Paul Nurse will open the symposium with the Bateson Lecture and Sydney Brenner will close with "Genetics 100 Years On". In between will be reflections on areas of human interest that have been transformed by a genetic approach, examining where they are now, and where they might be in the next 100 years. Speakers will be David Stern, Stewart Cole, Michael Ashburner, Jonathan Hodgkin, John Doebley, Walter Bodmer, Linda Partridge, Michael Stratton, Chris Tyler-Smith, Leena Peltonen-Palotie, Rico Coen, Eric Wieschaus, Rich Losick, Mark Patshne, Daniel St Johnson, David Baulcombe and Caroline Dean.

A one day meeting on the history of genetics immediately precedes the symposium. See: http://www.jic.ac.uk/centenary/events/historyofgenetics/programme.htm. An Alumni Day follows the symposium for meeting up with old friends. See:  http://www.jic.ac.uk/centenary/events/alumniday/programme.htm.

The Organising Committee comprises Professor Keith Roberts (Chair, JIC Emeritus Professor), Professor Chris Lamb (Director JIC), Professor Sir David Hopwood (JIC Emeritus Professor), Professor Enrico Coen, (JIC), Dr Sarah Wilmot (JIC), Professor Sir Paul Nurse (Rockefeller, NY, USA) and Sir Walter Bodmer (Oxford, UK).

This information was sent from  dee.rawsthorne@bbsrc.ac.uk  and see below for more from BBSRC.

The Genome Analysis Centre also at Norwich, UK

The John Innes Centre is an Institute of the UK Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), which has just announced The Genome Analysis Centre (TGAC) to be based on the site of the Institute as part of the Norwich Research Park. The new national centre TGAC will analyse plant, animal and microbial genomes, and will provide genome sequencing in helping to improve food security, to protect UK agriculture from exotic animal disease and exploit weaknesses in microbes to develop new ways to kill superbugs. It will also be a centre of excellence in bioinformatics to ensure that the data generated by its genome analysis, and that of other facilities, can be effectively collected and analysed.

See: http://www.bbsrc.ac.uk/media/releases/2009/090402_genome_analysis_centre.html 

TGAC will start almost immediately and will be formally opened in June. BBSRC is providing the majority of the �13.5M investment in the Centre and will underwrite its running costs for several years but local partners in the region are all making significant contributions.

2009 CABI Global Summit - food security

The CABI (Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International) Global Summit will be held in London, UK. from 19-21 October 2009. It will gather environmental and agricultural ministers and other senior government officials from around the world. Also present will be donors and representatives from international development and corporate organizations to consider policies, practices and technologies that can help improve food security in a climate of change.

See:  https://www.cabiglobalsummit.com/delegate_landing.aspx.

Coming Events

3rd International Symposium on Crop Plant Resistance to Biotic and Abiotic Factors: Current Potential and Future Demands in Berlin, Germany. 14-16 May 2009. Contact:  dpg@phytomedizin.org. See:  www.dpg-bcpc-symposium.de.

Meeting on "Plant Abiotic Stress - from signaling to development" in Tartu, Estonia. 14-17 May 2009. Contact: Dr Hannes Kollist inpas@frens.ee. Phone: +372-737-4814. See:  http://www.ut.ee/inpas/.

8th International PGPR Workshop in Portland, Oregon, USA. 17-22 May 2009. See: www.capps.wsu.edu/pgpr .

Training Program: Integrated Pest Management and Food Safety in Wageningen, The Netherlands. 18 May-12 Jun 2009. Contact: training.wi@wur.nl.

"Fast Forward" - the annual spring meeting of the Royal Netherlands Society of Plant Pathology (KNPV) in Wageningen, The Netherlands. 25 May 2009. See:  http://www.knpv.org/en/.

14th International Sclerotinia Workshop in Wilmington, North Carolina, USA. 31 May-4 June 2009. See: http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/sclerotinia_conference/index.html .

SFP National Congress (in French) in Lyon, France. 8-11 June 2009.

Canadian Phytopathological Society Annual General Meeting in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. 22-25 June 2009. See:  www.cps-scp.ca .

XXIth International Symposium on Virus and Virus-Like Diseases of Temperate Fruit Crops and XIIth International Symposium on Small Fruit Virus Diseases in Germany. 5-10 July 2009. See http://www.phytomedizin.org/index.php?id=193 . Source: Professor Dr Wilhelm Jelkmann Wilhelm.Jelkmann@jki.bund.de Julius K�hn-Institut, Bundesforschungsinstitut f�r Kulturpflanzen, Institut f�r Pflanzenschutz in Obst- und Weinbau, Schwabenheimer Str. 101, 69221 Dossenheim, Germany.

Plant ROS 2009 in Helsinki, Finland. 8-10 July 2009. Contact:  organizers@pog2009.org . See:  www.pog2009.org/ .

International Conference on Fungal Evolution and Charles Darwin: "From Morphology to Molecules" at the Thailand Science Park, Pathumthani, Thailand. 9-11 July 2009. See:  http://www.biotec.or.th/darwinconf2009.

14th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions in Qu�bec City, Canada. 19-23 July 2009. See:  www.ismpminet.org/meetings.

APS Annual Meeting 2009 at the Portland Convention Center, Portland, Oregon, USA. 1-5 August 2009. See: http://www.apsnet.org .

14th Australasian Plant Breeding Conference and 11th SABRAO Conference in Cairns, North Queensland, Australia. 10-14 August 2009. See: http://www.plantbreeding09.com.au/.

I All Africa Horticultural Congress: "Grown Under the Sun" at the Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya. 31 August-3 September. See:  http://www.globalhort.org/news-events/all-africa-horticulture-congress/.

IX International Symposium on Thysanoptera and Tospoviruses at Sea World Resort, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. 31 August-4 September 2009. See:  http://www.istt09.org/content/view/13/27/.

10th International Cotton Conference "Natural Fibres-Their Attractiveness in Multidirectional Applications" in Gdynia, Poland. 3-4 September 2009. See:     http://www.gca.org.pl/x.php/2,326/10th-International-Cotton Conference.html.

2nd World Seed Conference "Responding to the Challenges of the Changing World: The Role of New Plant Varieties and High Quality Seed in Agriculture" at FAO headquarters in Rome, Italy. 8-10 September 8-10, 2009. See:  http://worldseedconference.org/en/worldseedconference/home.html.

"Genetics 100 Years On" a symposium at the John Innes Centre, Norwich, UK. 9-11 September 2009. See:  http://www.jic.ac.uk/centenary/events/Genetics100YearsOn/.

BSPP Presidential Meeting 2009 "Darwin to Disease; Crops and their pathogens" - Celebrating Darwin's 200th Birthday - University Museum, Oxford, UK. 22 September 2009. See:  http://www.bspp.org.uk/.

Annual Meeting of SIPAV, the Italian Society for Plant Pathology, in Locorotondo, Bari, Italy. 28 September-1 October 2009.

APPS 2009 "Plant Health Management-An Integrated Approach" at the Civic Precinct, Newcastle, NSW, Australia. 30 September-2 October 2009. See:  http://www.apps2009.org.au/.

Agriculture: Africa's "Engine for Growth - Plant Science & Biotechnology hold the Key" at Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Herts, UK. 12-14 October 2009. See:  www.aab.org.uk/contentok.php?id=83&basket=wwsshowconfdets.

The 13th World Forestry Congress (Forests in development - a vital balance) in Buenos Aires, Argentina. 18-25 October 2009. See http://www.wfc2009.org/index_1024.html . E-mail: info@wfc2009.org .

9th International Congress on Plant Molecular Biology in St Louis, Missouri, USA. 25-30 October 2009. Contact:  ipmb2009@missouri.edu. See:  www.ipmb2009.org.

The 10th Arab Congress of Plant Protection in Beirut, Lebanon. 26-30 October 2009. See also flyer linked from an item in the May 2009 Newsletter. Contact:  aspp@terra.net.lb   or  acpp2009@cnrs.edu.lb.

"First International Conference of Mycops" in the Institute of Mycology and Plant Pathology, University of Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. 9-11 November 2009. Contact: Professor Dr Rukshana Bajwa  director@mpp.pu.edu.pk   or the Conference Secretary Dr Sarwar Alam  drssalam@yahoo.com.

British Crop Production Council, BCPC Congress 2009, at the Scottish Exhibition & Conference Centre, Glasgow, United Kingdom. 9-11 November 2009. See:  www.bcpccongress.com.

The 2009 International Conference on Horticulture in Bangalore, Karnataka, India. 9-12 November 2009. See: http://www.pnasf.org/ich2009.htm .

5th International Conference on Plant Pathology, with the theme "Plant pathology in the globalized era", at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India. 10-13 November 2009. Contact: ipsdis@indiatimes.com  or ipsdis@yahoo.com .

National Soybean Rust Symposium in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. 9-11 December 2009. Contact:  dorrance.1@osu.edu.

7th International Workshop on Grapevine Trunk Diseases in Santa Cruz, Chile. 17-21 January 2010. See: a link to a circular in a news item in the May 2009 ISPP Newsletter.

Global Biosecurity 2010, Safeguarding Agriculture and the Environment, at the Brisbane Convention Center, Queensland, Australia. 23 February-3 March 2010. See:  www.globalbiosecurity2010.com.

Phytophthora Diseases in Forest Trees and Natural Ecosystems - 5th Meeting of the IUFRO Working Group in Rotorua, New Zealand. 7-12 March 2010. Queries to Pam Taylor, phone: +64-7-3435727, Fax: +64-7-3480952. Email:  pam.taylor@scionresearch.com.

13th Congress of the Mediterranean Phytopathological Union in Rome, Italy. 13-18 June 2010. See:  www.mpunion.com. Contact:  laura.mugnai@unifi.it.

12th IUPAC International Congress of Pesticide Chemistry in Melbourne, Australia. 4-8 July 2010. See:  http://www.iupacicpc2010.org/.

9th International Mycological Congress (IMC9) in Edinburgh, Scotland, UK. 1-6 August 2010. See:  http://www.imc9.info/.

APS Annual Meeting 2010 at Opryland, Nashville, Tennessee, USA. 7-11 August 2010. See: http://www.apsnet.org .

International Plant Virus Epidemiology Symposium in Cornell, New York, USA. 20-24 June 2010. See:  http://www.isppweb.org/ICPVE/. Contact: Professor Alberto Fereres at  afereres@ccma.csic.es.

XXVIII International Horticultural Congress (IHC2010) in Lisbon, Portugal. 22-27 August 2010. Contact:  info@ihc2010.org. See:  http://www.ihc2010.org.

The 8th International Conference on Pseudomonas syringae and Related Pathogens in Oxford, UK. 31 August-3 September 2010. See: www.reading.ac.uk/Psyringae2010 . Contact: syringae2010@plants.ox.ac.uk .

The 18th Biennial Australasian Plant Pathology Meeting and 4th Asian Conference for Plant Pathology, a Joint Conference, at the Darwin Convention Centre, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. 27-29 April 2011. Watch: http://www.australasianplantpathologysociety.org.au/ .

Joint Meeting of APS and IAPPS in Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. 6-10 August 2011. See:  http://www.apsnet.org.

10th International Congress of Plant Pathology 2013 (ICPP2013) "Bio-security, Food Safety and Plant Pathology: The Role of Plant Pathology in a Globalized Economy" in Beijing, China. 25-31 August 2013. Watch: http://www.isppweb.org/congress.asp .

 

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