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Newsletter Jun 2005


ISPP Newsletter 35 (3) June 2005

(UK Registered Charity No 1065521)

Material for the Newsletter is invited from individual members of ISPP, Associated Societies, Council members, Chairs of all Committees and representatives of Affiliated Societies and Supporting Organisations.

Editors, Joseph-Alexander Verreet, e-mail: javerreet@phytomed.uni-kiel.de

In this issue:


New books of interest to Plant Pathologists

Forest Pathology: From Genes to Landscapses

Edited by John E. Lundquist and Richard C. Hamelin

As ecological threats to forest health and sustainability intensify and new threats emerge, forest pathology plays an increasingly important role. Forest Pathology: From Genes to Landscapes presents a comprehensive treatment of emerging topics in forest health, providing clarity about these issues and the unique challenges they present. This book offers reviews on both basic and applied research and covers in depth topics including, genomics, molecular epidemiology, bark beetle/disease interactions, ecosystem pathology, pathogenesis, blue stain, development of transgenic hosts, operational disease resistance strategies, non-timber impacts, spatial analysis of diseased landscapes, and landscape pathology.


Sea lavender, rust and mildew - A perennial pathosystem in the Netherlands

Edited by J.C. Zadoks

Curious biological phenomena occur where land and sea alternate at low and high tides. Large crop-like populations of the perennial sea lavender (Limonium vulgare) appear and disappear over the years. Such vegetations are of great beauty, especially at bloom, and form a touristic attraction. Despite the extreme physical conditions they teem with life, among which are fertilising insects and fungi which cause plant disease. This book describes how long-lived sea lavender populations come and go, and how the fungal diseases  rusts and mildews may contribute to their going. The temporal and spatial distributions of rust and mildew epidemics are described. The annual cycle and the perennation of the rust (Uromyces limonii) are studied in detail. The unusual but important roles of sea water in the dispersal of the host plant and of its rust are sketched. The possible function of differential host resistance and of differential rust virulence is indicated. Data on the biology of sea lavender mildew (Erysiphe limonii) suggest that mildew and rust differ in lifestyle. Tolerance of sea lavender plants to rust and mildew is heritable and important, but does it last forever? Some theoretical implications for botany and phytopathology are tentatively discussed, especially the role of equilibrium or homoeostasis. However, the main focus of the book is on the facts collected in the salt marshes of the barrier island Terschelling, in the north of the Netherlands
This book with about 100 tables and some 100 figures provides new information of importance to botanists, plant pathologists, population biologists and general ecologists.
Customers from Canada or USA can order the book at Enfield Publishing www.enfieldbooks.com

Harry Marshall Ward and the Fungal Thread of Death

Edited by Peter Ayres (affiliation: Lancaster University, LA1 4YQ, United Kingdom)

Harry Marshall Ward and the Fungal Thread of Death is an intriguing biography that introduces a man and his science, the science of plant pathology.  Ward made his reputation as an epidemiologist, studying the spread of rust fungus among the coffee plantations of Ceylon.  Although his rust fungus discoveries were important, the core of this biography is about the origins of physiological plant pathology and the historical significance of Ward's role in establishing the pre-eminence of British botany in the early 20th century.

Harry Marshall Ward was one of a small group of British scientists fortunate enough to study in the German laboratories of Anton De Bary and Julius Sachs.  These young men were taught not to rely on textbooks but to investigate by experiment and rely on their own observations.   Ward brought this modern scientific approach back to Britain and became an integral part of revolutionizing botany there.  Harry was also among the first to study the physiology and biochemistry of the struggle between host and pathogen.  His laboratory based discoveries of the way pathogens use enzymes to attack plants and the way plants defend themselves are at the heart of current understanding of infection, resistance mechanisms, and plant breeding.  By seeking to explain the interactions between plants, their pathogens and the environment in physical and chemical terms, Harry pioneered the sub-discipline of physiological plant pathology.

Harry Marshall Ward was inspired by the new outlook of science education in schools and universities, and he devoted his life to 'New Botany'.  At 34 he was made a Fellow of the Royal Society and was part of the botanical 'Establishment" of his day.  He made major contributions to the affairs of the British Association and was twice President of the young British Mycological Society.  He also guided young scientists such as Biffen (plant breeding) and Freeman (plant pathology), who, in turn, became world leaders in their own subjects.  Harry died before he could see the fruit of his efforts, but he made remarkable accomplishments in a time when social classes were well-defined and boundaries rarely crossed.  This book chronicles Ward's life as a reflection of the changes that occurred in both society and plant science in the late 19th century. 


Compendium of Turfgrass Diseases, Third Edition

Edited by RichardW. Smiley, Peter H. Dornoeden, and Bruce B. Clarke

St. Paul, Minn., March 9, 2005 - Compendium of Turfgrass Diseases, 3rd Edition is an authoritative reference for the treatment of turfgrass diseases.  The most recent advances in turfgrass pathology have been incorporated in this updated edition.  This book is devoted entirely to the diagnosis and control of approximately 80 specific diseases affecting grasses maintained on residential and commercial lawns, sod farms, golf courses, sports fields, bowling greens, cemeteries, and other areas.  It is intended to serve as a general and practical reference for anyone involved in maintaining fine turf.  Those who have little training in plant pathology or plant pathologists who are inexperienced in diagnosing turfgrass diseases will find this reference especially useful because it combines descriptive language with clear concise terminology of the plant pathologist.

The compendium is divided into four sections.  The first section describes the characteristics of turfgrasses, while the second section discusses damage caused by noninfectious agents in the turfgrass system.  The thirdsection explores ecology and taxonomy of fungi pathogenic to turfgrasses.  In the last section, elementary diagnostic procedures are covered.  The text is complemented by numerous illustrations of turfgrass diseases, photomicrographs of many pathogens, diagrams of disease cycles, a glossary of terms and an index.  The accompanying dichotomous keys for select grasses and pathogens enable readers to ccurately identify grasses and pathogens to species, as well as identify turfgrass diseases by environmental parameters, symptoms, and signs.



Beginning in April 2005, The American Phytopathological Society (APS) will offer free access to research articles after 24 months of publication in Phytopathology, Plant Disease, and Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions (MPMI).

For each journal, a two-year-old issue will gain free-access status when the current month�s issue is published on APS's website at www.apsnet.org.    "Allowing free access two years after publication will open a lot of useful research to many who may not have had access to our online journals before," said Jim MacDonald, APS president. "It is vital to the health of the journals that more scientists cite, use, and become acquainted with Society journals," MacDonald said.

In allowing free access to some of the published APS journal content, APS is not relinquishing copyright. The Society will retain copyright, ensuring that the research remains protected from misuse. Another improvement, the digitization of all APS journal research published prior to 1997, is planned for the APS online journals. Currently, only issues from 1997 to the present are available online. The initiative to publish the APS journal research archive going back to the very first volumes is possible through a partnership with the University of Wisconsin Library. The first of this archival research will be posted in early 2006 and will be available for free.

About the Journals: For nearly 100 years, Phytopathology has been considered the premier international archival journal for publication of articles on fundamental research that advances understanding of plant diseases, the agents that cause them, their spread, the losses they cause, and measures that can be used to control them. Plant Disease is an international journal for reports of original research; for rapid reporting of new diseases and epidemics; for reviews of needs, approaches, accomplishments, and for exchanges of opinions. All with the emphasis on the applied or practical aspects of maintaining and improving plant health. MPMI is the groundbreaking journal for publication of original, refereed research on the molecular biology and molecular genetics of pathological, symbiotic, and associative interactions of microbes with plants and insects with plants.

Media Contact: Amy Steigman

E-mail: asteigman@scisoc.org

Coming Events

International Plant Virus Epidemiology Symposium, Lima, Peru.
4-8 April 2005

9th International Workshop on Plant Disease Epidemiology, Rennes, France
10-15 April 2005

International Working Groups on Legume and Vegetable Viruses, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA.
11-15 April, 2005
Contact: Gail Wisler gcwisler@mail.ifas.ufl.edu

International Working Groups on Legume and Vegetable Viruses, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA
11-15 April 2005

IV International Pineapple Symposium, East London, South Africa
11-15 April 2005

International Edible Legume Conference in conjunction with the IV World Cowpea Congress, Durban South Africa
17-21 April 2005

1st International Conference on Plant-Microbe Interactions: Endophytes and Biocontrol Agents, Lapland, Saariselk�, Finland

13th Meeting of the Latin American Association of Plant Pathology. C�rdoba. Argentina
19-22 April 2005

III International Symposium on Figs, Faro, Portugal
16-20 May 2005

IV International Symposium on Pistachio and Almond, Tehran, Iran
20-26 May 2005

V International Cherry Symposium, Bursa, Turkey
6-10 June 2005

10th European Meeting "Invertebrate Pathogens in Biological Control: Present and Future" Bari, Italy
10-15 June 2005

13th International Sclerotinia Workshop Monterey, California, USA
12-16 June 2005

XIII International Symposium on Apricot Breeding and culture, Murcia, Spain
13-17 June 2005

II International Symposium on Sweetpotato and Cassava � 2ISSC, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
14-17 June 2005

9th International Verticillium Symposium, Monterey, California, USA
June 17-21, 2005

ISHS: �Improving the performance of supply chains in the transitional economies�, Chiang Mai, Thailand
19-23 June 2005

V International Symposium on Artificial Lighting, Aas, Norway
21-24 June 2005

Second Asian Conference on Plant Pathology, �Challenges and Opportunities in Plant Pathology in Asia�. Singapore.
25-28 June 2005

X International Symposium on Plant Bioregulators in Fruit Production, Saltillo Coahuila, Mexico
26-30 June 2005

IX International Controlled Atmosphere Research Conference, East Lansing, MI, USA
5-10 July 2005

International Symposium on Herbaceous Ornamental Plant Germplasm Conservation and Utilization, Columbus, Ohio, USA
6-9 July 2005

International Symposium on Greenhouse Systems and Energy Conservation, Columbus, Ohio, USA
13-15 July 2005

International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, Cancun, Mexico
17-22 July 2005

XVII International Botanical Congress (XVII IBC 2005), Vienna, Austria,
18-23 July 2005

APS Annual Meeting, Austin TX, USA
30 July-3 August 2005

International Congress of Auchenorrhyncha and Concurrent Workshop on Leafhoppers and Planthoppers of Economic Significance, Berkeley, California, USA
11-15 August 2005

International Symposium on Human Health Effects of Fruits and Vegetables, Qu�bec City, Canada
August 17-20, 2005

1st International Conference on the Importance of Biodiversity to Human Health, Galway, Ireland,
23 - 25 August 2005

International Conference & Exhibition on Soilless Culture � Singapore 2005, Singapore
1-4 September 2005

International Symposium on Growing Media, Angers, France
4-10 September 2005

VIII International Symposium on Thysanoptera and Tospoviruses, Pacific Grove, California, USA
5-11 September 2005

Potato 2005, Emmeloord, The Netherlands
5-11 September 2005

31st International Carrot Conference, Montreal � Longueuil, Canada
11-14 September 2005

III International Symposium on Cucurbits, Townsville, QLD, Australia
12-16 September 2005

IV International Symposium on Rose Research and Cultivation, California, USA
12-16 September 2005

International Symposium on Advances in Grapevine and wine Research, Venosa, Italy
15-17 September 2005

IV International Symposium on Rose Research and Cultivation, California, USA
18-22 September 2005

15th Biennial Australasian Plant Pathology Society Conference, �Innovations for Sustainable Plant Health�, Geelong, Victoria, Australia
26-29 September 2005

International Symposium on Biotechnology of Temperate Fruit Crops and Tropical Species, 10-14 October 2005

International Symposium on High Value Indigenous Fruit Trees in the Tropics and subtropics: Production, Utilization and Marketing, Lilongwe, Malawi
20-28 October 2005

IX International Rubus and Ribes Symposium, Santiago, Chile
5-7 December 2005

Emerging Trends in Plant-Microbe Interactions, University of Madras, Chennai, India.
8-10 December, 2005

VIII International Mango Symposium, Johannesburg, South Africa 5-10 February 2006

Internation Symposium on New Crop Technologies in Soil and soilless Cultivation under Protected Environment� Agadir, Morocco
19-24 February 2006

VI International Symposium on Artichoke, Cardoon and their Wild Relatives, Lorca, Spain
28-31 March 2006

II International Symposium on Loquat, Guangzhou, China
1-5 April 2006

XX International Symposium on Virus and Virus-like Diseases of Temperate Fruit Crops and XI International Symposium of Small Fruit Virus Diseases, Antalya, Turkey
22-26 May 2006

IXth meeting of the Phytopathogens working group, IOBC/WPRS Working group biological control of fungal and bacterial plant pathogens, Spa, Belgium
13.-17 September 2006

12th Congress of the Mediterranean Phytopathological Union, Rhodes Island, Greece
11 � 15 June 2006

> 1st International Ascochyta Workshop on Grain Legumes, Le Tronchet, Brittany, France
3-6 July 2006

18th World Congress of Soil Science, Philadelphia, PA, USA
9-15 July 2006

11th International Conference on Plant Pathogenic Bacteria, Edinburgh, UK
10-14 July 2006

4th International Bacterial Wilt Symposium York, UK
17-21 July 2006

APS Annual Meeting, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
29 July-2 August 2006

XXVII International Horticultural Congress, Seoul, Korea
13-19 August 2006

27th International Horticultural Congress & Exhibition, IHC 2006, Global Horticulture: Diversity & Harmony, Seoul, Korea
13-19 August 2006

1st International Symposium: Contribution of African Botanica to Humanity, N'Z�r�kor�, Guinea
3-7 October 2006
udecom@viola.fr or malo@ccophymed.com

II International Symposium on Saffron Biology and Technology, Mashhad, Iran
28-30 October 2006

APS Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, USA
28 July-1 August 2007

APS Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN, USA
26-30 July 2008

ICPP 2008, Torino, Italy,
24-29 August, 2008
Contact: Prof. M.L. Gullino, University of Torino: marialodovica.gullino@unito.it